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Enzymatically synthesized megalo-type isomaltosaccharides enhance the barrier function of the tight junction in the intestinal epithelium

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Title: Enzymatically synthesized megalo-type isomaltosaccharides enhance the barrier function of the tight junction in the intestinal epithelium
Authors: Hara, Hiroshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kume, Shunsuke Browse this author
Iizuka, Takahisa Browse this author
Fujimoto, Yoshinori Browse this author
Kimura, Atsuo Browse this author
Keywords: Isomaltosaccharide
Tight junction
Intestinal barrier
Caveolae
Issue Date: 27-Nov-2017
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Volume: 82
Issue: 4
Start Page: 629
End Page: 635
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/09168451.2017.1398065
PMID: 29173029
Abstract: Megalo-type isomaltosaccharides are an enzymatically synthesized foodstuff produced by transglucosylation from maltodextrin, and they contain a mid-chain length polymer of D-glucose with -1,6-glycoside linkages. The injection of a solution of megalo-type isomaltosaccharides (1-4%(w/v), average DP=12.6), but not oligo-type isomaltosaccharides (average DP=3.3), into the intestinal lumen dose-dependently reduced the transport rates of tight junction permeable markers in a ligated loop of the anesthetized rat jejunum. Application of the megalosaccharide also suppressed the transport of tight junction markers and enhanced transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) in Caco-2 cell monolayers. Cholesterol sequestration by methyl--cyclodextrin in the Caco-2 monolayers abolished the effect of megalosaccharide. Treatment with anti-caveolin-1 and a caveolae inhibitor, but not clathrin-dependent endocytosis and macropinocytosis inhibitors, suppressed the increase in TEER. These results indicate that isomaltosaccharides promote the barrier function of tight junctions in the intestinal epithelium in a chain-length dependent manner and that caveolae play a role in the effect.
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Bioscience biotechnology and biochemistry 82(4) on 2018, available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/09168451.2017.1398065
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/72039
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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