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Impacts of ethylenediurea (EDU) soil drench and foliar spray in Salix sachalinensis protection against O3-induced injury

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Title: Impacts of ethylenediurea (EDU) soil drench and foliar spray in Salix sachalinensis protection against O3-induced injury
Authors: Agathokleous, Evgenios Browse this author
Paoletti, Elena Browse this author
Saitanis, Costas J. Browse this author
Manning, William J. Browse this author
Sugai, Tetsuto Browse this author
Koike, Takayoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Air pollution
Antiozonant
Effect size
Ethylenediurea
Tropospheric ozone
Issue Date: 15-Dec-2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Science of the total environment
Volume: 573
Start Page: 1053
End Page: 1062
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.08.183
PMID: 27607908
Abstract: It is widely accepted that elevated levels of surface ozone(O-3) negatively affect plants. Ethylenediurea (EDU) is a synthetic substance which effectively protects plants against O-3-caused phytotoxicity. Among other questions, the one still open is: which EDU application method is more appropriate for treating fast-growing tree species. The main aims of this study were: (i) to test if chronic exposure of Salix sachalinensis plants to 200-400 mg EDU L-1, the usually applied range for protection against O-3 phytotoxicity, is beneficial to plants; (ii) to evaluate the effects of chronic exposure to elevated O-3 on S. sachalinensis; (iii) to assess the efficacy of two methods (i.e. soil drench and foliar spray) of EDU application to plants; (iv) to investigate the appropriate concentration of EDU to protect against elevated O-3-induced damage in S. sachalinensis; and (v) to compare the two methods of EDU application in terms of effectiveness and EDU consumption. Current-year cuttings grown in infertile soil free from organic matter were exposed either to low ambient O-3 (AOZ, 10-h approximate to 283 nmol mol(-1)) or to elevated O-3 (EOZ, 10-h approximate to 65.8 nmol mol(-1)) levels during daylight hours. Over the growing season, plants were treated every nine days with 200 mL soil drench of 0, 200 or 400 mg.EDU L-1 or with foliar spray of 0, 200 or 400 mg EDU L-1 (in two separate experiments). We found that EDU per se had no effects on plants exposed to AOZ. EOZ practically significantly injured S. sachalinensis plants, and the impact was indifferent between the experiments. EDU did not protect plants against EOZ impact when applied as soil drench but it did protect them when applied as 200-400 mg.L-1 foliar spray. We conclude that EDU may be. more effective against O-3 phytotoxicity to fast-growing species when applied as a spray than when applied as a drench. Key message: Soil-drenched EDU was ineffective in protecting willow plants against O-3-induced injury, whereas foliar-sprayed EDU was effective even at the concentration of 200 mg L-1. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Rights: ©2016. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/72168
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: Evgenios Agathokleous

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