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Length-weight Relationships and Chemical Composition of the Dominant Mesozooplankton Taxa/species in the Subarctic Pacific, with Special Reference to the Effect of Lipid Accumulation in Copepoda

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Title: Length-weight Relationships and Chemical Composition of the Dominant Mesozooplankton Taxa/species in the Subarctic Pacific, with Special Reference to the Effect of Lipid Accumulation in Copepoda
Authors: Nakamura, Asami Browse this author
Matsuno, Kohei Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Abe, Yoshiyuki Browse this author
Shimada, Hiroshi Browse this author
Yamaguchi, Atsushi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Mass
L-W equation
Zooplankton
C/N
Lipids
Oil sac volume
Image analysis
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica
Journal Title: Zoological Studies
Volume: 56
Issue: 13
Publisher DOI: 10.6620/ZS.2017.56-13
Abstract: While length-weight (L-W) regressions for warm-water zooplankton taxa from the waters neighbouring Japan already exist, they are still missing for comparable cold-water species. In this study, the L-W regressions of 41 species belonging to 12 taxa that are dominant in the Oyashio region were reported. The body length and volume of zooplankton were measured with an image-analysis system, and the effects of lipid accumulation in Copepoda on their mass and chemical composition were quantified. The L-W regressions had a high coefficient of determination (mean r2 = 0.886). For the chemical composition, the water composition ranged from 69.8 to 95.2% wet mass (WM), carbon (C) composition from 3.8 to 60.8% dry mass (DM) and nitrogen (N) composition from 1.0 to 10.1% DM. Taxon-specific differences in the chemical composition were marked for the gelatinous taxa (Appendicularia, Cnidaria, Salpida), which also had high water and low C composition. Because C is an index of lipids, high water compositions together with low lipid compositions are considered to be characteristics of the gelatinous taxa. The most significant effects of lipid accumulation in the Copepoda are changes in DM and C. Within the same developmental stage, the DM and C compositions of the full lipid-containing specimens showed 495% and 741% increases, respectively, over those of the low lipid-containing specimens. These differences exceeded the changes after moulting (78.1%) for general copepod species. Thus, lipid accumulation should be evaluated for the accurate mass estimation of boreal Copepoda by image analysis.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/73467
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 山口 篤

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