HUSCAP logo Hokkaido Univ. logo

Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers >
Graduate School of Humanities and Human Sciences / Faculty of Humanities and Human Sciences >
北方言語研究 = Northern Language Studies >
第9号 >

The study of old documents of Hokkaido and Kuril Ainu : promise and challenges

Files in This Item:
05_sato&bugaeva.pdf1.81 MBPDFView/Open
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: The study of old documents of Hokkaido and Kuril Ainu : promise and challenges
Authors: Sato, Tomomi Browse this author
Bugaeva, Anna Browse this author
Keywords: History of Ainu
Old documents
Issue Date: 15-Mar-2019
Publisher: 日本北方言語学会
Journal Title: 北方言語研究
Journal Title(alt): Northern Language Studies
Volume: 9
Start Page: 67
End Page: 93
Abstract: Focusing on cross-dialectal comparison is particlarly important in the case of language isolates like Ainu, which lack outside comparisons. Unfortunately, Kuril Ainu, which is absolutely indispensable for the reconstruction, disappeared in the late 19th century with just few old documents left. This study presents several newly discovered unpublished Kuril Ainu documents, i.e. Opisanie na pervom ostrovu zhivuscikh kurilov... [A description of the Kuriles living on the first island...] by O. Argunov (1742) and Kuril'skie slova [Kuril Words ; I.G. Voznesensky's archive] (1844?) from the St. Petersburg Branch of the Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences and attempts to revise Murayama's (1971) overview of Kuril Ainu and pursue historical research on a number of isues. Though Murayama (1971) notes that Kuril Ainu is extremely important for Ainu dialectology and history of Ainu, he does not give any concrete examples of how it can actually be used for this purpose. This paper suggests that Kuril Ainu old documents can reveal a lot only when compared with old documents of other dialects, i.e. Hokkaido and Sakhalin Ainu. Despite many difficulties in accessing and deciphering, the study of old Kuril Ainu documents and their comparison with Hokkaido and Sakhalin Ainu documents is very promising because it is quite possible to find previously undocumented vocabulary items (e.g. obscenities including the word unatara which appeared in both unpublished Kuril Ainu materials in Cyrillic and kana materials), identify new meanings of words (e.g. in Kuril Ainu, kotan means not only ‘village’ but also ‘island’), and even attempt to recover Proto-Ainu through the reconstruction in phonology (e.g. *CVHC syllable structure in PA based on words for ‘good’ and ‘dark’ in Hokkaido, Sakhalin and Kuril Ainu old records) and grammar (person marking and negation).
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北方言語研究 = Northern Language Studies > 第9号

Export metadata:

OAI-PMH ( junii2 , jpcoar_1.0 )

MathJax is now OFF:


 - Hokkaido University