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Monitoring of Echinococcus multilocularis infection in red foxes in Shiretoko, Japan, by coproantigen detection

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Title: Monitoring of Echinococcus multilocularis infection in red foxes in Shiretoko, Japan, by coproantigen detection
Authors: NONAKA, N.1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
TSUKADA, H. Browse this author
ABE, N. Browse this author
OKU, Y. Browse this author
KAMIYA, M. Browse this author
Authors(alt): 野中, 成晃1
Issue Date: 1998
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Journal Title: Parasitology
Volume: 117
Start Page: 193
End Page: 200
Publisher DOI: 10.1017/S0031182098002844
Abstract: The study was conducted to evaluate a mAb-based coproantigen detection assay for monitoring fox prevalence of Echinococcus multilocularis infections in the Shiretoko National Park in Hokkaido, Japan. Eight fox families, each consisting of 2–4 adults and their pups, were selected because their territories have been determined. Faeces of each family (total n=537) were collected monthly from April to October, 1994. Detection of coproantigen and taeniid eggs was recognized in 58 and 27 faeces, respectively, but mostly restricted in 1 family, in which coproantigen ELISA OD values had dual peaks, one in June and the other in October, whereas taeniid eggs were detected only from April to July. Fox pup faeces (n=51) collected around the dens used by the positive family were all coproantigen and taeniid egg negative except for 1 faeces. These results suggest that the prevalence and infection pressure in the study area were low and the infected family terminated the infection in the summer and acquired a new one in the early autumn, 1994. This monitoring method for fox infection will be a practical management tool for E. multilocularis infection, especially at the tourist spots in Hokkaido where close contact of fox with humans is frequently observed.
Rights: Copyright © 1998 Cambridge University Press
Type: article
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 野中 成晃

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