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Dimorphism of right-left asymmetry in the female genitalia of the brachypterous grasshopperParapodisma mikado(Orthoptera: Acrididae)

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Title: Dimorphism of right-left asymmetry in the female genitalia of the brachypterous grasshopperParapodisma mikado(Orthoptera: Acrididae)
Authors: Shimizu, Daisuke Browse this author
Sugano, Yoshikazu C. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tsuchiya-Suzuki, Kaori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ito, Gen Browse this author
Akimoto, Shin-ichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: bursa copulatrix
chiral dimorphism
female choice
laterality
mirror image
sexual conflict
Issue Date: 1-Jul-2016
Publisher: Wiley
Journal Title: Entomological Science
Volume: 19
Issue: 4
Start Page: 452
End Page: 457
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/ens.12211
Abstract: Several insects exhibit morphological asymmetry in the mouthparts or genitalia. In a part of species with asymmetric genitalia, two mirror‐image forms of the genitalia are reported to occur in a population. This dimorphism, called chiral dimorphism, is usually observed in male genitalia, but its examples in female genitalia are very limited. Here, we report that the females of the brachypterous grasshopper Parapodisma mikado are equipped with an asymmetric sclerite in the copulatory bursa, and that two mirror‐image forms of the sclerite occur in local populations. This dimorphism was detected in all of seven populations examined, and the ratio of the two forms was approximately 2:1 for the right : left forms. In one population, the ratio of the two forms did not vary among three consecutive years. Thus, chiral dimorphism in the female genitalia is kept almost constant spatiotemporally. Mating experiments indicated that the direction of female genitalia did not affect the direction to which the males twist their abdomen (right or left side) during mating or the duration of mating. We propose two hypotheses, a neutral developmental mechanism and sexual conflict, for the maintenance of chiral dimorphism in the genitalia of P. mikado females.
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Dimorphism of right–left asymmetry in the female genitalia of the brachypterous grasshopper Parapodisma mikado (Orthoptera: Acrididae). Entomological Science19(4), 452-457, which has been published in final form at DOI:10.1111/ens.12211. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/74542
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 秋元 信一

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