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Light Energy Partitioning under Various Environmental Stresses Combined with Elevated CO2 in Three Deciduous Broadleaf Tree Species in Japan

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Title: Light Energy Partitioning under Various Environmental Stresses Combined with Elevated CO2 in Three Deciduous Broadleaf Tree Species in Japan
Authors: Kitao, Mitsutoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tobita, Hiroyuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kitaoka, Satoshi Browse this author
Harayama, Hisanori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yazaki, Kenichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Komatsu, Masabumi Browse this author
Agathokleous, Evgenios Browse this author
Koike, Takayoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: chlorophyll fluorescence
drought
elevated O₃
N limitation
non-photochemical quenching
photodamage
Issue Date: 3-Jun-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Climate
Volume: 7
Issue: 6
Start Page: 79
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/cli7060079
Abstract: Understanding plant response to excessive light energy not consumed by photosynthesis under various environmental stresses, would be important for maintaining biosphere sustainability. Based on previous studies regarding nitrogen (N) limitation, drought in Japanese white birch (Betula platyphylla var. japonica), and elevated O-3 in Japanese oak (Quercus mongolica var. crispula) and Konara oak (Q. serrata) under future-coming elevated CO2 concentrations, we newly analyze the fate of absorbed light energy by a leaf, partitioning into photochemical processes, including photosynthesis, photorespiration and regulated and non-regulated, non-photochemical quenchings. No significant increases in the rate of non-regulated non-photochemical quenching (J(NO)) were observed in plants grown under N limitation, drought and elevated O-3 in ambient or elevated CO2. This suggests that the risk of photodamage caused by excessive light energy was not increased by environmental stresses reducing photosynthesis, irrespective of CO2 concentrations. The rate of regulated non-photochemical quenching (J(NPQ)), which contributes to regulating photoprotective thermal dissipation, could well compensate decreases in the photosynthetic electron transport rate through photosystem II (J(PSII)) under various environmental stresses, since J(NPQ)+J(PSII) was constant across the treatment combinations. It is noteworthy that even decreases in J(NO) were observed under N limitation and elevated O-3, irrespective of CO2 conditions, which may denote a preconditioning-mode adaptive response for protection against further stress. Such an adaptive response may not fully compensate for the negative effects of lethal stress, but may be critical for coping with non-lethal stress and regulating homeostasis. Regarding the three deciduous broadleaf tree species, elevated CO2 appears not to influence the plant responses to environmental stresses from the viewpoint of susceptibility to photodamage.
Rights: © 2019 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/75283
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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