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第21巻第2号 >

The Privatisation of Rural Industry and Retainment of Village Workers in China : The Case of Southern Jiangsu

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Title: The Privatisation of Rural Industry and Retainment of Village Workers in China : The Case of Southern Jiangsu
Authors: Park, Hong1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Deng, Kent2 Browse this author
Keywords: Privatisation of Rural Industry
Retainment of Village Workers
Southern Jiangsu Model
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2019
Publisher: 北海道農業経済学会
Journal Title: フロンティア農業経済研究
Journal Title(alt): The Frontiers of Agricultural Economics
Volume: 21
Issue: 2
Start Page: 1
End Page: 10
Abstract: Fei Xiaotong advocated a collective village and township enterprise-based rural industrialisation path for China, known as the 'Southern Jiangsu Model'. It has contributed greatly to the rise of rural income. The essence of such a rural industrialisation path is to allow the rural surplus labour force to leave farming but stay in villages instead of emigrating to large cities. Rural industrial enterprises are the key to absorbing surplus labour and raising rural income at the same time. However, this model began to face serious challenges in the late 1990s due to problems with the business model of collective ownership. In contrast, a private enterprise-cum-path, known as the 'WenzhouModel' has gained popularity. With this new approach, China's rural industrialisation has moved towards private ownership and private management. Now, with the new trend of the 'WenzhouModel', has the 'SouthernJiangsuModel' which favours village internal employment disappeared? To answer this question, this paper examines Kaixiangong Village, the very place where Fei's rural industrialisation path was originated, to see changes after privatisation of local collective enterprises. We argue that it is the village cadres-turned private managers that have inherited the legacy of prioritising village internal employment whereby the fruition of rural industrialisation regarding more rural job oportunities (and more rural income) continues.
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/75300
Appears in Collections:フロンティア農業経済研究 = The Frontiers of Agricultural Economics > 第21巻第2号

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