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Dissociation Behavior of Dislocations in Ice

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Title: Dissociation Behavior of Dislocations in Ice
Authors: Hondoh, Takeo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: ice
extended dislocation
partial dislocation
stacking fault
Issue Date: Aug-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Crystals
Volume: 9
Issue: 8
Start Page: 386
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/cryst9080386
Abstract: Dislocations in ice behave very differently from those in other materials due to the very low energies of stacking faults in the ice basal plane. As a result, the dislocations dissociate on the basal plane, from a perfect dislocation into two partial dislocations with equilibrium width w(e) ranging from 20 to 500 nm, but what is the timescale to reach this dissociated state? Using physical models, we estimate this timescale by calculating two time-constants: the dissociation-completing time t(d) and the dissociation-beginning time t(b). These time constants are calculated for two Burgers vectors as a function of temperature. For perfect dislocations with Burgers vector <c + a>, t(d) is more than one month even at the melting temperature T-M, and it exceeds 10(3) years below -50 celcius, meaning that the dissociation cannot be completed during deformation over laboratory timescales. However, in this case the beginning time t(b) is less than one second at T-M, and it is within several tens of minutes above -50 celcius. These dislocations can glide on non-basal planes until they turn to the dissociated state during deformation, finally resulting in sessile extended dislocations of various widths approaching to the equilibrium value w(e). In contrast, for perfect dislocations with Burgers vector <a>, t(d) is less than one second above -50 celcius, resulting in glissile extended dislocations with the equilibrium width w(e) on the basal plane. This width is sensitive to the shear stress tau exerted normal to the dislocation line, leading to extension of the intervening stacking fault across the entire crystal grain under commonly accessible stresses. Also, due to the widely dissociated state, dislocations <a> cannot cross-slip to non-basal planes. Such behavior of extended dislocations in ice are notable when compared to those of other materials.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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