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Molecular detection and genetic characterization of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplama synoviae, and infectious bronchitis virus in poultry in Myanmar

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Title: Molecular detection and genetic characterization of Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplama synoviae, and infectious bronchitis virus in poultry in Myanmar
Authors: Fujisawa, Sotaro Browse this author
Murata, Shiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Takehara, Masaki Browse this author
Katakura, Ken Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hmoon, Myint Myint Browse this author
Win, Shwe Yee Browse this author
Ohashi, Kazuhiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Avian mycoplasmosis
Mycoplasma gallisepticum
Mycoplasma synoviae
Infectious bronchitis virus
Myanmar
Issue Date: 25-Jul-2019
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal Title: BMC veterinary research
Volume: 15
Start Page: 261
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s12917-019-2018-2
Abstract: BackgroundIn Southeast Asian countries, including Myanmar, poultry farming is a major industry. In order to manage and maintain stable productivity, it is important to establish policies for biosecurity. Infectious respiratory diseases are a major threat to poultry farming. Avian influenza and Newcastle disease have been reported in Myanmar, but no scientific information is available for other respiratory pathogens, such as mycoplasmas and infectious bronchitis virus (IBV). Identifying the genotypes and serotypes of IBVs is especially important to inform vaccination programs. In this study, we detected Mycoplasma gallisepticum (MG), M. synoviae (MS), and IBV in several poultry farms in Myanmar.ResultsSamples were collected from 20 farms in three major poultry farming areas in Myanmar, and MG, MS, and IBV were detected on two, four, and eight farms, respectively, by polymerase chain reaction. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the observed MG and MS isolates were not identical to vaccine strains. Three different genotypes of IBV were detected, but none was an unknown variant.ConclusionsMycoplasmas and IBV were detected on poultry farms in Myanmar. Periodic surveillance is required to establish the distribution of each pathogen, and to institute better vaccine protocols.
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/76050
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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