HUSCAP logo Hokkaido Univ. logo

Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers >
Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine >
Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc >

Sesamin prevents decline in exercise capacity and impairment of skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in mice with high-fat diet-induced diabetes

This item is licensed under: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International

Files in This Item:

The file(s) associated with this item can be obtained from the following URL:https://doi.org/10.1113/EP085251


Title: Sesamin prevents decline in exercise capacity and impairment of skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in mice with high-fat diet-induced diabetes
Authors: Takada, Shingo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kinugawa, Shintaro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Matsushima, Shouji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Takemoto, Daisuke Browse this author
Furihata, Takaaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Mizushima, Wataru Browse this author
Fukushima, Arata Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yokota, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ono, Yoshiko Browse this author
Shibata, Hiroshi Browse this author
Okita, Koichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tsutsui, Hiroyuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Journal Title: Experimental Physiology
Volume: 100
Issue: 11
Start Page: 1319
End Page: 1330
Publisher DOI: 10.1113/EP085251
Abstract: We previously reported that exercise capacity and skeletal muscle mitochondrial function in diabetic mice were impaired, in association with the activation of NAD(P)H oxidase. It has been reported that sesamin inhibits NAD(P)H oxidase‐induced superoxide production. Therefore, we examined whether the antioxidant sesamin could prevent a decline in exercise capacity in mice with high‐fat diet (HFD)‐induced diabetes. C57BL/6J mice were fed a normal diet (ND) or HFD, then treated or not with sesamin (0.2%) to yield the following four groups: ND, ND+Sesamin, HFD and HFD+Sesamin (n = 10 each). After 8 weeks, body weight, fat weight, blood glucose, insulin, triglyceride, total cholesterol and fatty acid were significantly increased in HFD compared with ND mice. Sesamin prevented the increases in blood insulin and lipid levels in HFD‐fed mice, but did not affect the plasma glucose. Exercise capacity determined by treadmill tests was significantly reduced in HFD mice, but almost completely recovered in HFD+Sesamin mice. Citrate synthase activity was significantly decreased in the skeletal muscle of HFD mice, and these decreases were also inhibited by sesamin. Superoxide anion and NAD(P)H oxidase activity were significantly increased in HFD mice compared with the ND mice and were ameliorated by sesamin. Sesamin prevented the decline in exercise capacity in HFD‐induced diabetic mice via maintenance of mitochondrial function, fat oxidation and attenuation of oxidative stress in the skeletal muscle. Our data suggest that sesamin may be useful as a novel agent for the treatment of diabetes mellitus.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/76772
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Export metadata:

OAI-PMH ( junii2 , jpcoar )

MathJax is now OFF:


 

 - Hokkaido University