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Carbon Sequestration and Contribution of CO₂, CH₄ and N₂O Fluxes to Global Warming Potential from Paddy-Fallow Fields on Mineral Soil Beneath Peat in Central Hokkaido, Japan

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Title: Carbon Sequestration and Contribution of CO₂, CH₄ and N₂O Fluxes to Global Warming Potential from Paddy-Fallow Fields on Mineral Soil Beneath Peat in Central Hokkaido, Japan
Authors: Naser, Habib Mohammad Browse this author
Nagata, Osamu Browse this author
Sultana, Sarmin Browse this author
Hatano, Ryusuke Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: carbon sequestration
methane
carbon dioxide
nitrous oxide
global warming potential
paddy field
Issue Date: 27-Dec-2019
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Agriculture
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Start Page: 6
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/agriculture10010006
Abstract: Since each greenhouse gas (GHG) has its own radiative capacity, all three gasses (CO₂, CH₄ and N₂O) must be accounted for by calculating the net global warming potential (GWP) in a crop production system. To compare the impact of GHG fluxes from the rice growing and the fallow season on the annual gas fluxes, and their contribution to the GWP and carbon sequestration (CS) were evaluated. From May to April in Bibai (43°18'N, 141°44'E), in central Hokkaido, Japan, three rice paddy fields under actual management conditions were investigated to determine CS and the contribution of carbon dioxide (CO₂), methane (CH₄) and nitrous oxide (N₂O) fluxes to GWP. Methane and N₂O fluxes were measured by placing the chamber over the rice plants covering four hills and CO₂ fluxes from rice plants root free space in paddy fields were taken as an indicator of soil microbial respiration (Rm) using the closed chamber method. Soil CS was calculated as the difference between net primary production (NPP) and loss of carbon (C) through Rm, emission of CH₄ and harvest of crop C. Annual cumulative Rm ranged from 422 to 519 g Cm⁻² yr⁻¹; which accounted for 54.7 to 55.5% of the rice growing season in particular. Annual cumulative CH₄ emissions ranged from 75.5 to 116 g Cm⁻² yr⁻¹ and this contribution occurred entirely during the rice growing period. Total cumulative N₂O emissions ranged from 0.091 to 0.154 g Nm⁻² yr⁻¹ and from 73.5 to 81.3% of the total N₂O emissions recorded during the winter-fallow season. The CS ranged from -305 to -365 g Cm⁻² yr⁻¹, suggesting that C input by NPP may not be compensate for the loss of soil C. The loss of C in the winter-fallow season was much higher (62 to 66%) than in the growing season. The annual net GWP from the investigated paddy fields ranged from 3823 to 5016 g CO₂ equivalent m⁻² yr⁻¹. Annual GWP(CH₄) accounted for 71.9 to 86.1% of the annual net GWP predominantly from the rice growing period. These results indicate that CH₄ dominated the net GWP of the rice paddy.
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/76915
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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