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Body Mass Index Is an Independent Predictor of Long-Term Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure in Japan

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Title: Body Mass Index Is an Independent Predictor of Long-Term Outcomes in Patients Hospitalized With Heart Failure in Japan
Authors: Hamaguchi, Sanae Browse this author
Tsuchihashi-Makaya, Miyuki Browse this author
Kinugawa, Shintaro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Goto, Daisuke Browse this author
Yokota, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Goto, Kazutomo Browse this author
Yamada, Satoshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yokoshiki, Hisashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Takeshita, Akira Browse this author
Tsutsui, Hiroyuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
for the JCARE-CARD Investigators Browse this author
Keywords: Body mass index
Heart failure
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: The Japanese Circulation Society
Journal Title: Circulation Journal
Volume: 74
Issue: 12
Start Page: 2605
End Page: 2611
Publisher DOI: 10.1253/circj.CJ-10-0599
Abstract: Background: Obesity is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and is also associated with an increased risk of death in subjects without CVD. However, in heart failure (HF), elevated body mass index (BMI) has been shown to be associated with better prognosis, but it is unknown whether this is the case in unselected HF patients encountered in routine clinical practice in Japan. Methods and Results: The Japanese Cardiac Registry of Heart Failure in Cardiology (JCARE-CARD) studied prospectively the characteristics and treatments in a broad sample of patients hospitalized with worsening HF and the outcomes were followed for 2.1 years. Study cohort (n=2,488) was classified into 3 groups according to baseline BMI: <20.3kg/m2 (n=829), 20.3-23.49kg/m2 (n=832), and ≥23.5kg/m2 (n=827). The mean BMI was 22.3±4.1kg/m2. Patients with higher BMI had lower rates of all-cause death, cardiac death, and rehospitalization because of worsening HF. After multivariable adjustment, the risk for all-cause death and cardiac death significantly increased with decreased BMI levels compared with patients with BMI ≥23.5kg/m2. However, BMI levels were not associated with rehospitalization for worsening HF. Conclusions: Lower BMI was independently associated with increased long-term all-cause, as well as cardiac, mortality in patients with HF encountered in routine clinical practice in Japan. (Circ J 2010; 74: 2605-2611)
Type: article
Appears in Collections:北海道大学病院 (Hokkaido University Hospital) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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