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第83号 >

十勝岳の火口近傍における力学観測 : 序報

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Title: 十勝岳の火口近傍における力学観測 : 序報
Other Titles: Seismic and geodetic monitoring near the active crater at Tokachidake volcano (preliminary report)
Authors: 青山, 裕1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
田中, 良2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
橋本, 武志3 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
村上, 亮4 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
成田, 翔平5 Browse this author
Authors(alt): Aoyama, Hiroshi1
Tanaka, Ryo2
Hashimoto, Takeshi3
Murakami, Makoto4
Narita, Shohei5
Issue Date: 19-Mar-2020
Publisher: 北海道大学大学院理学研究院
Journal Title: 北海道大学地球物理学研究報告
Journal Title(alt): Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University
Volume: 83
Start Page: 25
End Page: 48
Abstract: Broadband seismometer and tiltmeter newly installed near the crater of Tokachidake volcano made it possible to observe interesting tilt change events that had not been recognized at Tokachidake before. These events are mainly observed at the Maetokachi West station (MTKW) built in October 2016. The tilt events are roughly classified into the following three types: 1. Oscillating micro tilt fluctuation with a period of about several hundred seconds that is remarkable in the horizontal component of the broadband seismometer, 2. Small tilt change that can be recognized as an event by both the broadband seismometer and the tiltmeter, 3. Tilt change that can be remarkably recognized even in the long-term tilt record. Micro tilt fluctuation in type 1 has an amplitude of about several nanoradian at MTKW and it seems that it appears and disappears in response to the atmospheric pressure change. The oscillation direction of the tilt fluctuation at MTKW is between N35°W and N45°W. Small tilt change in type 2 has an amplitude of several tens to several hundreds of nanoradian at MTKW. Many events show step-like subsidence in the crater direction, but some events with slightly large amplitude show complex time functions. Tilt change in type 3 has an amplitude of several microradian at MTKW that can be recognized even in long-term tilt records. Type 3 events were clearly confirmed from November 1 to November 5, 2019 and on January 20, 2020. Tilt changes that seem to be a series of type 3 events were also observed from around November 25, 2019 to December 7, 2019. These phenomena are thought to reflect some pressure fluctuations in the shallow part near the crater. Similar tilt change events have also been reported in Azumayama volcano. These tilt events may be a universal phenomenon in volcanoes with active fumaroles and hydrothermal activities.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:北海道大学地球物理学研究報告 = Geophysical bulletin of Hokkaido University > 第83号

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