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Salt Stress Reduced the Seedling Growth of Two Larch Species Under Elevated Ozone

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Title: Salt Stress Reduced the Seedling Growth of Two Larch Species Under Elevated Ozone
Authors: Sugai, Tetsuto Browse this author
Wang Yannan Browse this author
Watanabe, Toshihiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Satoh, Fuyuki Browse this author
Qu, Laiye Browse this author
Koike, Takayoshi Browse this author
Keywords: combined effect
salt stress
interspecific differences
Issue Date: 18-Sep-2019
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in forests and global change
Volume: 2
Start Page: UNSP 53
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/ffgc.2019.00053
Abstract: The effect of elevated ozone (eO(3)) and soil salinization with alkaline salts in northeastern (NE) China is a serious concern affecting the success of the national replanting project. As planted areas exceed 4 million hectares in China, we must consider future afforestation efforts after thinning and harvesting. Here, we investigated eO(3) and salt stress on Dahurian larch (Larix gmelinii var. japonica; DL) and Japanese larch (L. kaempferi; JL) seedlings. The seedlings were exposed to eO(3) (similar to 70 nmol mol(-1)) and ambient ozone (aO(3)) (similar to 25 similar to 40 nmol mol(-1)) for one growing season in an open top chamber (OTC) system with simulated salinity in NE China (alkaline salt, NaHCO3:NaCl = 9:1, 20mM Na+). The seedlings under salt-free treatment received tap water. Although the effects of eO(3) on DL were not significant, eO(3) significantly increased total dry mass and total leaf area index of JL. There was no significant reduction in total dry mass under salt stress in both species. The relationship between needle Na and other mineral contents indicated that both species maintained K contents even with excess Na contents in needles. DL showed relatively lower reduction of other mineral contents, indicating higher salt tolerance of needle element homeostasis than JL. Contrary to our hypothesis, there were no interaction effects of eO(3) and salt stress on both species. These results indicated that DL seedlingsmay bemore suitable than JL seedlings as a future afforestation species under eO(3) levels of <70 nmol mol(-1) at saline soil condition.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:農学院・農学研究院 (Graduate School of Agriculture / Faculty of Agriculture) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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