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Detection of novel orthoreovirus genomes in shrew (Crocidura hirta) and fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus)

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Title: Detection of novel orthoreovirus genomes in shrew (Crocidura hirta) and fruit bat (Rousettus aegyptiacus)
Authors: Harima, Hayato Browse this author
Sasaki, Michihito Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kajihara, Masahiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Mori-Kajihara, Akina Browse this author
Hang'ombe, Bernard M. Browse this author
Changula, Katendi Browse this author
Orba, Yasuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ogawa, Hirohito Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Simuunza, Martin Browse this author
Yoshida, Reiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Mweene, Aaron Browse this author
Takada, Ayato Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sawa, Hirofumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Crocidura hirta
Rousettus aegyptiacus
Issue Date: Feb-2020
Publisher: 公益社団法人 日本獣医学会 (The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science)
Journal Title: Journal of veterinary medical science
Volume: 82
Issue: 2
Start Page: 162
End Page: 167
Publisher DOI: 10.1292/jvms.19-0424
Abstract: Orthoreoviruses have been indentified in several mammals, however, there is no information about orthoreoviruses in shrews. In this study, we screened wild animals in Zambia, including shrews, rodents, and bats for the detection of orthoreoviruses. Two orthoreovirus RNA genomes were detected from a shrew intestinal-contents (1/24) and a bat colon (1/96) sample by reverse-transcription (RT)-PCR targeting the RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene of orthoreoviruses. Phylogenetic analyses revealed that each of the identified orthoreoviruses formed a distinct branch among members of the Orthoreovirus genus. This is the first report that shrews are susceptible to orthoreovirus infection. Our results suggest the existence of undiscovered orthoreoviruses in shrews and provide important information about the genetic diversity of orthoreoviruses.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:国際連携研究教育局 : GI-CoRE (Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education : GI-CoRE) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)
人獣共通感染症リサーチセンター (Research Center for Zoonosis Control) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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