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Relationship between the timing of the first postpartum ovulation and antral follicle counts in Holstein cows

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Title: Relationship between the timing of the first postpartum ovulation and antral follicle counts in Holstein cows
Authors: Furukawa, Eri Browse this author
Masaki, Tomoyuki Browse this author
Sakaguchi, Kenichiro Browse this author
Bo, Min Browse this author
Yanagawa, Yojiro Browse this author
Ueda, Koichiro Browse this author
Nagano, Masashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Antral follicle count
First postpartum ovulation
Ovarian reserve
Ultrasonography
Issue Date: 11-Jan-2020
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal Title: Journal of ovarian research
Volume: 13
Issue: 1
Start Page: 7
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s13048-020-0610-5
Abstract: Background The timing of the first postpartum ovulation is an important factor affecting the timing of estrous resumption in dairy cows. The first postpartum ovulation is delayed in cows producing large amounts of milk with an intensive negative energy balance. The antral follicle count (AFC) and serum anti-Mullerian hormone concentrations are known to be indicators of the ovarian reserve, which is the number and quality of follicles left in a pair of ovaries and known as an indicator of female fertility. Cows with higher AFC have been proven to show higher pregnancy rate and shorter calving to conception intervals; however, the relationship between the timing of the first postpartum ovulation and ovarian reserve remains unclear. Therefore, this study examined the relationships between postpartum follicular dynamics, the ovarian cycle, nutritional status, and ovarian reserve. Methods Transrectal ultrasonography was conducted from calving to 70-120 days in milk (DIM) in 26 cows to monitor AFC, follicular dynamics and the ovarian cycle. Body weight (BW) and milk yield were used as indicators of nutritional status. Results The first postpartum ovulation was significantly later in cows with low AFC (< 25) than in those with high AFC (>= 25), while changes in BW from calving to the nadir and milk production were similar in both groups. The present results also suggested that cows with low AFC and a delayed first postpartum ovulation had a shorter first ovarian cycle after the first postpartum ovulation. The mean DIM of the first postpartum artificial insemination (AI) and days open (days from calving to AI with which pregnancy was achieved) were similar in high and low AFC groups. Conclusions The first postpartum ovulation was significantly earlier in cows with high AFC than in those with low AFC. The assumed reason for this result was higher sensitivity to luteinizing hormone and larger androstenedione and estradiol production in follicles in high AFC cows. Therefore, cows with high AFC may be more fertile than those with low AFC while their milk production increase and BW decrease; it means they are in negative energy balance. (340/350 words)
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/78608
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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