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Recovery of Lead and Zinc from Zinc Plant Leach Residues by Concurrent Dissolution-Cementation Using Zero-Valent Aluminum in Chloride Medium

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Title: Recovery of Lead and Zinc from Zinc Plant Leach Residues by Concurrent Dissolution-Cementation Using Zero-Valent Aluminum in Chloride Medium
Authors: Silwamba, Marthias Browse this author
Ito, Mayumi Browse this author
Hiroyoshi, Naoki Browse this author
Tabelin, Carlito Baltazar Browse this author
Hashizume, Ryota Browse this author
Fukushima, Tomoki Browse this author
Park, Ilhwan Browse this author
Jeon, Sanghee Browse this author
Igarashi, Toshifumi Browse this author
Sato, Tsutomu Browse this author
Chirwa, Meki Browse this author
Banda, Kawawa Browse this author
Nyambe, Imasiku Browse this author
Nakata, Hokuto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakayama, Shouta Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ishizuka, Mayumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: lead
zinc plant leach residues
zero-valent aluminum
Issue Date: Apr-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Metals
Volume: 10
Issue: 4
Start Page: 531
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/met10040531
Abstract: Zinc plant leach residues (ZPLRs) contain significant amounts of metal compounds of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), etc., hence, they are considered as a secondary source of metals. On the other hand, ZPLRs are regarded as hazardous materials because they contain heavy metals that pollute the environment. Resources and environmental concerns of ZPLRs were addressed in this study by removing/recovering Pb and Zn using a concurrent dissolution and cementation technique. To cement the dissolved Pb and Zn in leaching pulp, zero-valent aluminum (ZVAl) was added during ZPLRs leaching in the hydrochloric (HCl)-sodium chloride (NaCl) solution. The resulting cemented metals were agglomerated and separated by sieving. Lead removal increased with increasing both NaCl and HCl concentrations. However, when ZVAl was added, significant Pb removal was achieved at a low concentration. Zinc was not cemented out of the pulp using ZVAl and its recovery from ZPLRs was dependent on the HCl concentration only. By applying a concurrent dissolution and cementation technique, both Pb and Zn were removed using a low concentration of NaCl, and most importantly Pb-the most toxic metal in ZPLRs-was captured and separated before the solid-liquid separation, hence, eliminating the need for extensive washing of the generated residues to remove the inherent residual solution.
Rights: © 2020 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (
Type: article
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 石塚 真由美

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