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Oncological Outcomes After Okabayashi-Kobayashi Radical Hysterectomy for Early and Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer

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Title: Oncological Outcomes After Okabayashi-Kobayashi Radical Hysterectomy for Early and Locally Advanced Cervical Cancer
Authors: Sakuragi, Noriaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kato, Tatsuya Browse this author
Shimada, Chisa Browse this author
Kaneuchi, Masanori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Todo, Yukiharu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Mitamura, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Takeda, Mahito Browse this author
Kudo, Masataka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Murakami, Gen Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Watari, Hidemichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 7-May-2020
Publisher: American Medical Association
Journal Title: Jama network open
Volume: 3
Issue: 5
Publisher DOI: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4307
Abstract: This cohort study assesses whether a radical hysterectomy method with extended removal of paracervical tissue for locally advanced cervical cancer is associated with satisfactory oncological outcomes. Question Is radical hysterectomy with extended removal of paracervical tissue associated with satisfactory outcomes for locally advanced cervical cancer? Findings This retrospective cohort study of 121 patients with cervical cancer treated with Okabayashi-Kobayashi radical hysterectomy showed that the 5-year local control rates for early-stage IB1/IIA1 disease and locally advanced stage IB2/IIA2/IIB disease were 99% and 87%, respectively, and the 5-year overall survival rates for these groups were 95% and 82%, respectively. Meaning Okabayashi-Kobayashi radical hysterectomy with adjuvant chemotherapy may be a treatment option for locally advanced cervical cancer besides radiotherapy/chemoradiotherapy. Importance The role of surgery in early-stage cervical cancer has been established, but it is controversial in locally advanced cervical cancer. Objective To determine whether a radical hysterectomy method with extended removal of paracervical tissue for locally advanced cervical cancer is associated with satisfactory oncological outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants This retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2011, and participants were patients with cervical cancer at a single tertiary center in Northern Japan. The median follow-up period was 106 months, and none of the patients were lost to follow-up at less than 60 months. Data analyses were performed from July 1, 2017, to December 31, 2018. Exposures Patients underwent radical hysterectomy using the Okabayashi-Kobayashi method. Bilateral nerve preservation was used for stage IB1/IB2 disease and unilateral nerve preservation for stage IIA/IIB if disease extension outside the uterine cervix was 1-sided. Chemotherapy was used as the choice of adjuvant treatment for patients with an intermediate or high risk of recurrence, while some patients chose or were assigned to radiotherapy. Main Outcomes and Measures Primary outcomes were the 5-year local control rate and 5-year overall survival rate along with risk factor analysis. Results Of 121 consecutive patients, 76 (62.8%) had early-stage cervical cancer in 2008 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stages IB1 and IIA1 and 45 (37.2%) had locally advanced cervical cancer in stages IB2, IIA2, and IIB. The median (range) age was 42 (26-68) years. Adjuvant radiotherapy was used in 2 patients (3%) with early-stage cervical cancer and 3 (7%) of those with locally advanced cervical cancer. The 5-year local control rates for early-stage cervical cancer and locally advanced cervical cancer were 99% and 87%, respectively. The 5-year overall survival rates for early-stage cervical cancer and locally advanced cervical cancer were 95% and 82%, respectively. Cox regression analysis showed that lymph node metastasis and histology of adeno(squamous)carcinoma were independent risk factors for the overall survival of patients with cervical cancer treated with radical hysterectomy. Conclusions and Relevance The nerve-sparing Okabayashi-Kobayashi radical hysterectomy for locally advanced cervical cancer may provide survival not inferior to radical hysterectomy or radiotherapy in published literature. The applicability of radical hysterectomy with adjuvant chemotherapy for locally advanced cervical cancer needs to be validated by prospective comparative trials.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/78750
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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