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Reproductive Responses to Wounding and Heat Stress in Gametophytic Thalli of the Red Alga Pyropia yezoensis

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Title: Reproductive Responses to Wounding and Heat Stress in Gametophytic Thalli of the Red Alga Pyropia yezoensis
Authors: Suda, Masahiro Browse this author
Mikami, Koji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: callus
heat stress
life cycle
Pyropia yezoensis
Issue Date: 28-May-2020
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Volume: 7
Start Page: 394
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00394
Abstract: The timing of the transition from growth to reproduction is essential for the regulation of the seaweed life cycle. Variable environmental conditions can stress seaweeds and promote trade-offs between their growth and reproduction. Here, we demonstrate that reproductive responses can be induced by environmental stresses in the gametophytic thalli of the marine red alga Pyropia yezoensis. Excision of explants accelerated release of asexual monospores and sexual carpospores. The algal sensitivity to wounding was enhanced by a 3-day dark treatment prior to the excision of the explants. By contrast, heat stress at 25 degrees C stimulated the production of a callus, a three-dimensional aggregation of randomly divided cells with multiple cell layers. This callus produced new gametophytic thalli with a normal shape; therefore, callus formation is thought to be one of the asexual reproductive strategies used by the alga to increase the number of thalli under heat stress conditions. Our results demonstrate that wounding and heat stress can reset the timing of reproduction and that gametophytic thalli therefore use a variety of distinct reproductive strategies under different stress conditions. These findings provide insights into the induction of reproduction by environmental stresses as a life cycle trade-off in seaweeds.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:水産科学院・水産科学研究院 (Graduate School of Fisheries Sciences / Faculty of Fisheries Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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