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Single-atom Pt in intermetallics as an ultrastable and selective catalyst for propane dehydrogenation

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Title: Single-atom Pt in intermetallics as an ultrastable and selective catalyst for propane dehydrogenation
Authors: Nakaya, Yuki Browse this author
Hirayama, Jun Browse this author
Yamazoe, Seiji Browse this author
Shimizu, Ken-ichi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Furukawa, Shinya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 5-Jun-2020
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Journal Title: Nature communications
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-16693-9
Abstract: Propylene production via propane dehydrogenation (PDH) requires high reaction temperatures to obtain sufficient propylene yields, which results to prominent catalyst deactivation due to coke formation. Developing highly stable catalysts for PDH without deactivation even at high temperatures is of great interest and benefit for industry. Here, we report that single-atom Pt included in thermally stable intermetallic PtGa works as an ultrastable and selective catalyst for PDH at high temperatures. Intermetallic PtGa displays three-hold-Pt ensembles and single Pt atoms isolated by catalytically inert Ga at the surface, the former of which can be selectively blocked and disabled by Pb deposition. The PtGa-Pb/SiO2 catalyst exhibits 30% conversion with 99.6% propylene selectivity at 600 degrees C for 96h without lowering the performance. The single-atom Pt well catalyzes the first and second C-H activation, while effectively inhibits the third one, which minimizes the side reactions to coke and drastically improves the selectivity and stability. Propylene production via propane dehydrogenation demands a highly stable catalyst that works without deactivation even at high temperatures. Here, the authors show that single-atom Pt included in thermally stable intermetallic PtGa works as an active and selective catalyst for propane dehydrogenation even at 600 degrees C for 96h without deactivation.
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/78932
Appears in Collections:触媒科学研究所 (Institute for Catalysis) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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