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Association between decrease in frequency of going out and oral function in older adults living in major urban areas

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Title: Association between decrease in frequency of going out and oral function in older adults living in major urban areas
Authors: Mikami, Yurie Browse this author
Watanabe, Yutaka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Motokawa, Keiko Browse this author
Shirobe, Maki Browse this author
Motohashi, Yoshiko Browse this author
Edahiro, Ayako Browse this author
Nakajima, Junko Browse this author
Osuka, Yosuke Browse this author
Inagaki, Hiroki Browse this author
Fujiwara, Yoshinori Browse this author
Shinkai, Shoji Browse this author
Awata, Shuichi Browse this author
Keywords: frequency of going out
older adult
oral function
oral health
urban
Issue Date: Aug-2019
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Journal Title: Geriatrics & gerontology international
Volume: 19
Issue: 8
Start Page: 792
End Page: 797
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/ggi.13715
PMID: 31267649
Abstract: Aim To examine the association between a decrease in the frequency of going out and oral function in independent older adults living in the urban area of Tokyo. Methods The participants analyzed were 785 older adults from the "Takashimadaira Study" (344 men and 441 women, age 77.0 +/- 4.6 years). This study investigated the following items: decrease in frequency of going out; basic characteristics (sex, age); physical factors, such as oral function (difficulty chewing, difficulty swallowing, dry mouth); body pain; the Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence; physical activities; psychological factors, such as the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 score; and social and environmental factors, such as the presence or absence of participation in organization activities. Results To investigate the factors associated with a decrease in frequency of going out, logistic regression analysis showed an association with age (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.13), difficulty chewing (OR 2.41, 95% CI 1.52-3.83), dry mouth (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.07-2.64), body pain (OR 1.78, 95% CI 1.14-2.78), Japan Science and Technology Agency Index of Competence scores (OR 0.91, 95% CI 0.84-0.99), physical activities (OR 0.99, 95% CI 0.98-1.00), Geriatric Depression Scale-15 scores (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.05-1.21) and organization activities (OR 1.94, 95% CI 1.22-3.07). Covariance structural analyses showed that both "difficulty chewing" and "dry mouth" significantly affected "decrease in frequency of going out." In addition, decrease in frequency of going out was significantly affected by " Geriatric Depression Scale-15 scores" through oral function. Conclusions The relationship between oral function and decrease in frequency of going out was clarified, after the multifaceted factors were adjusted. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019; center dot center dot: center dot center dot-center dot center dot.
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: [Mikami Y, Watanabe Y,Motokawa K, et al. Association between decrease in fre-quency of going out and oral function in older adults livingin major urban areas. Geriatr. Gerontol. Int. 2019;19:792–797.], which has been published in final form at [https://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ggi.13715]. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Type: article (author version)
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/79005
Appears in Collections:歯学院・歯学研究院 (Graduate School of Dental Medicine / Faculty of Dental Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 渡邊 裕

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