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Subpolar marginal seas fuel the North Pacific through the intermediate water at the termination of the ocean circulation

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Title: Subpolar marginal seas fuel the North Pacific through the intermediate water at the termination of the ocean circulation
Authors: Nishioka, Jun Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Obata, Hajime Browse this author
Ogawa, Hiroshi Browse this author
Ono, Kazuya Browse this author
Yamashita, Youhei Browse this author
Lee, Keunjong Browse this author
Takeda, Shigenobu Browse this author
Yasuda, Ichiro Browse this author
Keywords: dissolved iron
macronutrients
North Pacific Ocean
island chains mixing
GEOTRACES
Issue Date: 9-Jun-2020
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences.
Journal Title: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS)
Volume: 117
Issue: 23
Start Page: 12665
End Page: 12673
Publisher DOI: 10.1073/pnas.2000658117
Abstract: The mechanism by which nutrients in the deep ocean are uplifted to maintain nutrient-rich surface waters in the subarctic Pacific has not been properly described. The iron (Fe) supply processes that control biological production in the nutrient-rich waters are also still under debate. Here, we report the processes that determine the chemical properties of intermediate water and the uplift of Fe and nutrients to the main thermocline, which eventually maintains surface biological productivity. Extremely nutrient-rich water is pooled in intermediate water (26.8 to 27.6 sigma(theta)) in the western subarctic area, especially in the Bering Sea basin. Increases of two to four orders in the upward turbulent fluxes of nutrients were observed around the marginal sea island chains, indicating that nutrients are uplifted to the surface and are returned to the subarctic intermediate nutrient pool as sinking particles through the biological production and microbial degradation of organic substances. This nutrient circulation coupled with the dissolved Fe in upper-intermediate water (26.6 to 27.0 sigma(theta)) derived from the Okhotsk Sea evidently constructs an area that has one of the largest biological CO2 drawdowns in the world ocean. These results highlight the pivotal roles of the marginal seas and the formation of intermediate water at the end of the ocean conveyor belt.
Relation: [Dataset]Data for Nishioka et al., PNAS,_2020_Sub-polar marginal seas fuel the North Pacific through the intermediate water at the termination of the global ocean circulation
http://hdl.handle.net/2115/77482
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/79074
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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