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Noble gas and carbon isotopic compositions of petit-spot lavas from southeast of Marcus Island

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Title: Noble gas and carbon isotopic compositions of petit-spot lavas from southeast of Marcus Island
Authors: Yamamoto, Junji Browse this author
Kawano, T. Browse this author
Takahata, N. Browse this author
Sano, Y. Browse this author
Keywords: carbon isotopic ratio
crustal assimilation
lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary
Marcus Island
noble gases
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Earth and planetary science letters
Volume: 497
Start Page: 139
End Page: 148
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2018.06.020
Abstract: We measured noble gas isotopic compositions of quenched lavas sampled from seamounts, so-called petit-spot volcanoes, on the 160-million-year-old northwestern Pacific Plate. The samples He-3/He-4 and Ar-40/Ar-36 ratios were, respectively, 2.5-8.3 Ra and up to 1735, where Ra stands for atmospheric He-3/He-4, which are analogous to or lower than those of MORB. Considering narrow sampling regions, a secondary effect might be responsible for variation of the data. During ascent and subsequent cooling of magma in the oceanic lithosphere, chemical components in the magma will be assimilated with those in the lithosphere. Correlation between CO2/He-3 ratios and carbon isotopic ratios suggests that carbon was affected by the incorporation of seafloor carbonate. The same would be true of noble gases. The mixing of noble gases among a mantle source, an atmospheric component dissolved in seawater and a radiogenic component can explain the data distribution. No He-3/He-4 ratio exceeds the MORB-like value. The mantle source of the petit-spot magma was likely to have had a MORB-like He-3/He-4 ratio originally. The eruption of petit-spot magma shows a close relation with the bending of subducting oceanic plates. The MORB-like He-3/He-4 ratio supports the hypothesis that the petit-spot magma is derived from the lithosphere-asthenosphere boundary. (C) 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Rights: ©2018. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:総合博物館 (The Hokkaido University Museum) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 山本 順司

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