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Response to Sea Ice Melt Indicates High Seeding Potential of the Ice Diatom Thalassiosira to Spring Phytoplankton Blooms: A Laboratory Study on an Ice Algal Community From the Sea of Okhotsk

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Title: Response to Sea Ice Melt Indicates High Seeding Potential of the Ice Diatom Thalassiosira to Spring Phytoplankton Blooms: A Laboratory Study on an Ice Algal Community From the Sea of Okhotsk
Authors: Yan, Dong Browse this author
Yoshida, Kazuhiro Browse this author
Nishioka, Jun Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ito, Masato Browse this author
Toyota, Takenobu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Koji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: ice algae
diatom bloom
Thalassiosira
osmotic stress
photophysiology
seeding effect
Sea of Okhotsk
Issue Date: 24-Jul-2020
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Volume: 7
Start Page: 613
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/fmars.2020.00613
Abstract: Phytoplankton communities in seasonally ice-covered areas are largely affected by ice algae. The Okhotsk Sea is the southernmost sea ice zone in the northern hemisphere with a sizeable seasonal ice cover, thus ice algae of the Okhotsk sea ice have a large potential to seed the early spring bloom. Little is known about the Okhotsk ice algal communities and their seeding effects. We investigated the dynamics of the composition and the photophysiological performances of an Okhotsk ice algal community in a 6-day laboratory incubation experiment that simulated the natural ice melt conditions. Centric diatoms, especially Thalassiosira spp., overwhelmingly dominated the ice algal community throughout incubation, whereas pennate diatoms, mostly Navicula and Nitzschia, showed little growth with much higher mortality. The maximum photochemical efficiency of Photosystem II (F-v/F-m) was the lowest at the beginning of the ice melt, suggesting a suppressed photosynthetic functioning by changes in salinity. The cellular pigment contents decreased by 30% due to osmotic stress, evidenced by deformed plastids under a microscope. The transcript level of the rbcL gene that encodes the large subunit of RubisCO was significantly higher during ice melt and decreased in the no-ice period, suggesting an urgent need for carbon fixation under the melt condition. Full recovery of photosynthesis and growth was also made after complete ice melt. Our results indicated high seeding potential of Thalassiosira to spring blooms owing to their photophysiological plasticity to dynamic salinity changes.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/79224
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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