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Development of a social activities scale for community-dwelling older people requiring support

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Title: Development of a social activities scale for community-dwelling older people requiring support
Authors: Hirano, Michiyo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Saeki, Kazuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ueda, Izumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: aged
instrument construction
older people requiring support
social participation
Issue Date: Nov-2020
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Journal Title: Nursing Open
Volume: 7
Issue: 6
Start Page: 1887
End Page: 1895
Publisher DOI: 10.1002/nop2.578
PMID: 33072374
Abstract: Aim: This study aims to develop the Social Activities Scale for Community-Dwelling Older People Requiring Support (SASOS). Design: This study is a cross-sectional investigation. Methods: The participants were healthy older people (HOP;N = 140) and those requiring support (OPRS;N = 250). An anonymous questionnaire included items on SASOS, subjective health and ikigai (Japanese well-being concept). Criterion-related validity was examined using the Social Activity Index for Elderly People (SAI-E). Results: Seventy-five HOP and 157 OPRS provided effective responses. The scale (alpha = 0.805) had three subscales: "interactions with friends and neighbors (F1)," "close relationships with family (F2)" and "interactions with others through activity programs (F3)." SASOS and SAI-E scores were correlated (r = .558,p < .01), indicating criterion-related validity. In known-groups validity analysis, F1 were significantly higher among HOP and F3 were significantly higher among OPRS. Total scores correlated with perceived health (r = .240,p < .01) and ikigai (r = .419,p < .01).
Type: article
Appears in Collections:保健科学院・保健科学研究院 (Graduate School of Health Sciences / Faculty of Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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