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New index of organic mass enrichment in sea spray aerosols linked with senescent status in marine phytoplankton

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Title: New index of organic mass enrichment in sea spray aerosols linked with senescent status in marine phytoplankton
Authors: Miyazaki, Yuzo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Suzuki, Koji Browse this author
Tachibana, Eri Browse this author
Yamashita, Youhei Browse this author
Mueller, Astrid Browse this author
Kawana, Kaori Browse this author
Nishioka, Jun Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 12-Oct-2020
Publisher: Nature Research
Journal Title: Scientific reports
Volume: 10
Issue: 1
Start Page: 17042
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-73718-5
Abstract: Linking the amount of organic matter (OM) in sea spray aerosols (SSAs) to biological processes in ocean surface is essential for understanding marine aerosol formation and their potential to affect cloud formation. To date, chlorophyll (Chl) a concentration has been widely used as a surrogate for surface phytoplankton biomass or productivity to predict the relative abundance of OM in SSAs (OMSSA). Here we show a new index to present-OMSSA using concentrations of Chl a and chlorophyllide (Chllide) a, which is a breakdown product of Chl a and has been used as a biomarker of senescent algal cells. The index was compared with submicrometer OMSSA, based on surface seawater and aerosol samples obtained during the pre-bloom in the western subarctic Pacific. Our results showed that the OMSSA was highly correlated with this unique index, suggesting that the OMSSA was closely linked with senescent algal cells and/or cell lysis. Furthermore, the hygroscopicity parameters. derived from water-extracted SSA samples implied a reduction in the SSA hygroscopicity with increasing senescent status of phytoplankton. The index can represent OMSSA on a timescale of a day during the pre-bloom period, which should be further examined over different oceanic regions.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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