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中国海南島における少数民族集落の職工農家の就業構造 : 国有南浜農場の黎族集落を対象として

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Title: 中国海南島における少数民族集落の職工農家の就業構造 : 国有南浜農場の黎族集落を対象として
Other Titles: Employment Structure of Worker-Househoids in Ethnic Minority Villages on Hainan Island, China : A Case of Ethnic Li Minority in Nanbin State Farm
Authors: 朴, 紅1 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
坂下, 明彦2 Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Authors(alt): Park, Hong1
Sakashita, Akihiko2
Issue Date: 31-Mar-2020
Publisher: 北海道農業経済学会
Journal Title: フロンティア農業経済研究
Journal Title(alt): The Frontiers of Agricultural Economic
Volume: 22
Issue: 2
Start Page: 1
End Page: 13
Abstract: Since the production responsibility contractual reform, the previous state farms' employees on China's Hainan Island became individual farming households (called worker-households), specially so in the 1990s when counter-seasonal vegetables and mango-cum-tropical fruits were introduced to replace the old crop of rubber. The implication of economic self-management caused great changes. This paper aims to analyse the self-management economy and the employment structure of worker-households with the case of ethnic Li villages(production brigades previously). Although similar to other regions where population increased noticeably, ethnic Li villages had a different age pattern with disproportionately more young and middle-aged people. This can be attribute to the fact that all ethnic minorities were free from the one-child policy and thus maintained their family size. In addition, plenty job opportunities prevented young people to emigrate. In particular, among the 40 to 50-year old age group,the best qualified were promoted to official ranks and the rest formed the core workforce in the self-management economy; in both cases their incomes were secure. The group of aged 25 and younger became the second echelon of farmers and did not have to emigrate, either. Favourable policies of the state farms might play a part. On the whole, the employment structure of these ethnic Li worker-households in a semi-mountainous area remained stable.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:フロンティア農業経済研究 = The Frontiers of Agricultural Economics > 第22巻第2号

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