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The values and meanings of social activities for older urban men after retirement

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Title: The values and meanings of social activities for older urban men after retirement
Authors: Takashima, Risa Browse this author
Onishi, Ryuta Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Saeki, Kazuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Hirano, Michiyo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 25-Nov-2020
Publisher: PLOS
Journal Title: PLoS ONE
Volume: 15
Issue: 11
Start Page: e0242859
Publisher DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0242859
Abstract: Previous studies have indicated that older men often experience disconnection from the community after retirement. Social activities have been shown to be effective in preventing social isolation among older urban men. Nevertheless, it has been reported that they often do not participate in community social activities and tend to be reluctant to do so. We explored the values and meanings of social activities for retired older men living in an urban area of Japan to understand support using social activities that are more suitable for them. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 15 older men (aged 68-80 years; M = 74.6 +/- 3.79 years) about their interactions with family and non-family members, and their participation in various community social activities. The grounded theory approach was used for the analysis. As a result, the following five categories were derived as the values that participants place on the social activities that they engage in: "health as a resource and reward for social activities," "feeling I am still useful," "feeling that something is my responsibility," "feeling of time well spent," and "finding interest through interactions." In addition, the following three categories were extracted as meanings of social activities: "fulfilling social life," "maintaining stable family relationships," and "maintaining safety and peace in the community." When considering the social activities that older urban retired men are interested in and likely to participate in, these five values can be considered indicators. In contrast, to maintain stable family relationships and safety and peace in the community, participants sometimes used strategies to stop or abandon social activities. Therefore, in situations where a peaceful life within a family or neighborhood is threatened, it may be useful to help set aside sufficient time and allow for psychological leeway in advance to incorporate social activities into their lives.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:保健科学院・保健科学研究院 (Graduate School of Health Sciences / Faculty of Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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