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Seroprevalence of equine glanders in horses in the central and eastern parts of Mongolia

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Title: Seroprevalence of equine glanders in horses in the central and eastern parts of Mongolia
Authors: Erdemsurakh, Ochbayar Browse this author
Ochirbat, Khurtsbaatar Browse this author
Gombosuren, Ulziisaikhan Browse this author
Tserendorj, Batbold Browse this author
Purevdorj, Baatarjargal Browse this author
Vanaabaatar, Batbaatar Browse this author
Aoshima, Keisuke Browse this author
Kobayashi, Atsushi Browse this author
Kimura, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: glanders
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Publisher: 公益社団法人 日本獣医学会 (The Japanese Society of Veterinary Science)
Journal Title: Journal of veterinary medical science
Volume: 82
Issue: 9
Start Page: 1247
End Page: 1252
Publisher DOI: 10.1292/jvms.20-0219
Abstract: Glanders is a contagious and fatal equine disease caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia mallei. B. mallei is prevalent among horse populations in Asia, the Middle East, and South America. More than four million horses have been registered in Mongolia in 2020. However, the recent prevalence of glanders has not been well investigated. In this study, we aimed to investigate the seropositivity of B. mallei in horse populations in Mongolia using the complement fixation test (CFT) and Rose Bengal plate agglutination test (RBT). We randomly collected blood samples from horses in central and eastern Mongolia between 2018 and 2019. Of 337 horses, 26 (7.7%) and 28 (8.3%) were seropositive using RBT and CFT, respectively. Interestingly, seropositivity in horses resulting from crossbreeding of Mongolian native horses with thoroughbred horses was higher than that in Mongolian native horses. Our observations suggest that equine glanders are still endemic to Mongolia.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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