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UCP1-dependent and UCP1-independent metabolic changes induced by acute cold exposure in brown adipose tissue of mice

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Title: UCP1-dependent and UCP1-independent metabolic changes induced by acute cold exposure in brown adipose tissue of mice
Authors: Okamatsu-Ogura, Yuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kuroda, Masashi Browse this author
Tsutsumi, Rie Browse this author
Tsubota, Ayumi Browse this author
Saito, Masayuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kimura, Kazuhiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sakaue, Hiroshi Browse this author
Keywords: Brown adipose tissue
Uncoupling protein 1
Cold exposure
Metabolomics
GeneChip array
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Metabolism
Volume: 113
Start Page: 154396
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.metabol.2020.154396
Abstract: Background: Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a site of metabolic thermogenesis mediated by mitochondrial uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1) and represents a target for a therapeutic intervention in obesity. Cold exposure ac-tivates UCP1-mediated thermogenesis in BAT and causes drastic changes in glucose, lipid, and amino acid metabolism; however, the relationship between these metabolic changes and UCP1-mediated thermogenesis is not fully understood. Methods: We conducted metabolomic and GeneChip array analyses of BAT after 4-h exposure to cold temperature (10 degrees C) in wild-type (WT) and UCP1-KO mice. Results: Cold exposure largely increased metabolites of the glycolysis pathway and lactic acid levels in WT, but not in UCP1-KO, mice, indicating that aerobic glycolysis is enhanced as a consequence of UCP1-mediated thermogenesis. GeneChip array analysis of BAT revealed that there were 2865 genes upregulated by cold exposure in WT mice, and 838 of these were upregulated and 74 were downregulated in UCP1-KO mice. Pathway analysis revealed the enrichment of genes involved in fatty acid (FA) beta oxidation and triglyceride (TG) synthesis in both WT and UCP1-KO mice, suggesting that these metabolic pathways were enhanced by cold exposure independently of UCP1-mediated thermogenesis. FA and cholesterol biosynthesis pathways were enhanced only in UCP1-KO mice. Cold exposure also significantly increased the BAT content of proline, tryptophan, and phenylalanine amino acids in both WT and UCP1-KO mice. In WT mice, cold exposure significantly increased glutamine content and enhanced the expression of genes related to glutamine metabolism. Surprisingly, aspartate was almost completely depleted after cold exposure in UCP1-KO mice. Gene expression analysis suggested that aspartate was actively utilized after cold exposure both in WT and UCP1-KO mice, but it was replenished from intracellular N-acetyl-aspartate in WT mice. Conclusions: These results revealed that cold exposure induces UCP1-mediated thermogenesis-dependent glucose utilization and UCP1-independent active lipid metabolism in BAT. In addition, cold exposure largely affects amino acid metabolism in BAT, especially UCP1-dependently enhances glutamine utilization. These results contribute a comprehensive understanding of UCP1-mediated thermogenesis-dependent and thermogenesisindependent metabolism in BAT. (c) 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/80299
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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