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Freshening of Antarctic Bottom Water Off Cape Darnley, East Antarctica

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Title: Freshening of Antarctic Bottom Water Off Cape Darnley, East Antarctica
Authors: Aoki, S. Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Katsumata, K. Browse this author
Hamaguchi, M. Browse this author
Noda, A. Browse this author
Kitade, Y. Browse this author
Shimada, K. Browse this author
Hirano, D. Browse this author
Simizu, D. Browse this author
Aoyama, Y. Browse this author
Doi, K. Browse this author
Nogi, Y. Browse this author
Keywords: freshening
Antarctic Bottom Water
Cape Darnley
Weddell Gyre
East Antarctica
Issue Date: 3-Aug-2020
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans
Volume: 125
Issue: 8
Start Page: e2020JC016374
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2020JC016374
Abstract: Recently, a source of Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) was identified off Cape Darnley at the eastern end of the Weddell-Enderby Basin. However, the behavior and long-term variability of Cape Darnley Bottom Water (CDBW) are not clearly understood. Hydrographic observations from 1974 to 2016 were compared, and a decade-long bottom temperature record was analyzed to clarify multidecadal changes in the CDBW in this region and its downstream influences. In the Cooperation Sea, CDBW spread northwestward with its deepest part reaching to approximately 4,900 dbar. CDBW freshening of 0.001-0.003 decade(-1) was revealed. In the Cosmonaut Sea, long-term AABW warming of approximately 0.01-0.03 degrees C decade(-1) was prominent in the deep basin, while freshening was detected on the upper continental slope. Spatial patterns suggest that an interbasin deep transport of excess freshwater is carried by CDBW and fed into the Weddell Gyre, which might act as an abyssal freshwater buffer. Plain Language Summary Global oceans' abyss is filled with the cold, dense water fed from the Antarctic coastal margin. The Weddell Sea is the most voluminous supplier of this bottom water. In addition to the well-known source of the bottom water, new source regions are discovered recently: Continental shelf off Cape Darnley, East Antarctica, is one of such regions. Vast parts of the ocean around Antarctica is experiencing freshening for these decades, possibly related to an accelerating ice mass discharge from the Antarctic continent. In contrast, the abyssal Weddell Sea has been known to be warming significantly, acting like a huge heat buffer. Our study shows the newly discovered bottom water off Cape Darnley is carrying an increasing amount of freshwater and feeding the excess freshwater into the abyssal Weddell Sea. This suggests that the Weddell Sea experiences changes that originate from a distant, continental source.
Rights: Copyright 2020 American Geophysical Union.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 青木 茂

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