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Physical Forcing Controls the Basin-Scale Occurrence of Nitrogen-Fixing Organisms in the North Pacific Ocean

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Title: Physical Forcing Controls the Basin-Scale Occurrence of Nitrogen-Fixing Organisms in the North Pacific Ocean
Authors: Cheung, Shunyan Browse this author
Nitanai, Risa Browse this author
Tsurumoto, Chihiro Browse this author
Endo, Hisashi Browse this author
Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Cheah, Wee Browse this author
Lorda, Jaime Farber Browse this author
Xia, Xiaomin Browse this author
Liu, Hongbin Browse this author
Suzuki, Koji Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: diazotrophs
El Niño
mesoscale eddies
nitrogen fixation
North Pacific
wind‐driven coastal upwelling
Issue Date: Sep-2020
Publisher: American Geophysical Union
Journal Title: Global Biogeochemical Cycles
Volume: 34
Issue: 9
Start Page: e2019GB006452
Publisher DOI: 10.1029/2019GB006452
Abstract: Biological nitrogen fixation is increasingly recognized as an important source of new nitrogen in a warming ocean. However, the basin-scale spatiotemporal distribution of nitrogen-fixing organisms (diazotrophs) in the ocean and its controlling environmental factors remain unclear. Here we examined the basin-scale seasonal distribution patterns of major diazotrophs (filamentous cyanobacterialTrichodesmium, unicellular cyanobacterial UCYN-A1, and proteobacterial Gamma-A) in surface waters of the North Pacific from 2014 to 2016 with unprecedented coverage and resolution. In general, UCYN-A1,Trichodesmium, and Gamma-A were abundant during spring-autumn, summer-autumn, and spring respectively. Regarding latitudinal patterns of abundance, UCYN-A1 showed dome shape;Trichodesmiumwas gradually decreasing from low- to high-latitude regions; and Gamma-A did not show a clear pattern, which were coincident with the distinct correlations between the diazotrophs and temperature. All three diazotrophs were abundant (reached 10(6)-10(7)nifHgene copy number L-1) in the North Pacific transition zone and subtropical gyre, where the cyanobacterial diazotrophs were more abundant in both the western and eastern North Pacific than in the central North Pacific. The diazotroph abundance in the western North Pacific was positively correlated with eddy kinetic energy and sea surface height anomaly, which implies an enhancement of diazotrophs in mesoscale eddies associated with the western boundary current Kuroshio and its extension. The cyanobacterial diazotrophs were positively correlated with wind stress curl, a measurable parameter of wind-driven upwelling, in the eastern North Pacific. Our study refines the biogeography of three major diazotrophs and highlights the importance of physical forcing in mediating their dynamics.
Rights: Copyright 2020 American Geophysical Union.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 鈴木 光次

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