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Intravaginal hematoma with hematometra causing severe anemia in a pet rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)

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Title: Intravaginal hematoma with hematometra causing severe anemia in a pet rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus)
Authors: Kojimoto, Atsuko Browse this author
Itoh, Teruo Browse this author
Uchida, Kazuyuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Chambers, James Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Shii, Hiroki Browse this author
Keywords: intravaginal hematoma
Issue Date: Feb-2021
Publisher: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Hokkaido University
Journal Title: Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research
Volume: 69
Issue: 1
Start Page: 67
End Page: 72
Abstract: A 23-month-old female dwarf-mixed rabbit was admitted after a large amount of blood was found in its cage. The rabbit had severe anemia (hematocrit 10%); abdominal ultrasonography revealed fluid accumulation, primarily in the proximal vagina. After blood transfusion, an exploratory laparotomy revealed a dilated vagina with an enlarged uterus; ovariohysterectomy with partial vaginectomy was performed. The anemia improved the next day (hematocrit 19%) and the rabbit recovered. Grossly, a large blood clot was present in the proximal vagina with a small amount of blood in the uterus. Histological examination revealed a varicosity in the proximal vagina and uterine endometrial hyperplasia. This case suggests that intravaginal hematoma with severe anemia may occur in rabbits, for which prompt surgery may be required.
Type: bulletin (article)
Appears in Collections:Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research > Volume 69 Number 1

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