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Changes in the Ice-Front Position and Surface Elevation of Glaciar Pio XI, an Advancing Calving Glacier in the Southern Patagonia Icefield, From 2000-2018

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Title: Changes in the Ice-Front Position and Surface Elevation of Glaciar Pio XI, an Advancing Calving Glacier in the Southern Patagonia Icefield, From 2000-2018
Authors: Hata, Shuntaro Browse this author
Sugiyama, Shin Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: calving glacier
elevation change
advancing glacier
satellite imagery
photogrammetry
Issue Date: 21-Jan-2021
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Journal Title: Frontiers in earth science
Volume: 8
Start Page: 576044
Publisher DOI: 10.3389/feart.2020.576044
Abstract: Glaciar Pio XI has advanced and thickened over the past several decades in contrast to the generally retreating and thinning trends seen in other glaciers in the Southern Patagonia Icefield (SPI). To quantify recent changes in ice-front positions and glacier surface elevation over the ablation area of Glaciar Pio XI, we analyzed satellite data acquired from 2000 to 2018. Two major glacier termini, and most of the small outlet glaciers, showed advancing trends, including the largest advance (1,400 m), observed at the southern terminus during the study period. Surface elevation increased by 37.3 +/- 0.4 m as a mean over the study area, and the rate of the increase accelerated by 135 +/- 10% from Period 1 (2000-2007) to Period 2 (2007-2017/18). Elevation change during Period 1 was only slightly positive except for extraordinary thickening (similar to 20 m a(-1)) observed near the southern terminus and one of the outlet glacier fronts, whereas significant thickening (similar to 2.7 m a(-1)) occurred over the entire ablation area during Period 2. Satellite imagery showed an emergence of sedimentary mounds in front of the southern terminus, suggesting that reduction in frontal ablation and increasingly compressive flow regime are the main drivers of the recent rapid thickening and advance. Most likely, the influence of the sediment deposition on the southern terminus subsequently propagated to the northern terminus and upper reaches of the glacier. The rate of ice mass increase during the study period was 0.48 +/- 0.03 Gt a(-1), which corresponds to 4% of the total mass loss from the SPI from 2000 to 2015/16.
Rights: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/80636
Appears in Collections:低温科学研究所 (Institute of Low Temperature Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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