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Quantifying the Northward Spread of Ticks (Ixodida) as Climate Warms in Northern Russia

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Title: Quantifying the Northward Spread of Ticks (Ixodida) as Climate Warms in Northern Russia
Authors: Vladimirov, Leonid N. Browse this author
Machakhtyrov, Grigory N. Browse this author
Machakhtyrova, Varvara A. Browse this author
Louw, Albertus S. Browse this author
Sahu, Netrananda Browse this author
Yunus, Ali P. Browse this author
Avtar, Ram Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Republic of Sakha
vector-borne disease
Arctic North
tick bite
human health
climate change
Issue Date: Feb-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Atmosphere
Volume: 12
Issue: 2
Start Page: 233
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/atmos12020233
Abstract: Climate change is affecting human health worldwide. In particular, changes to local and global climate parameters influence vector and water-borne diseases like malaria, dengue fever, and tick-borne encephalitis. The Republic of Sakha in northern Russia is no exception. Long-term trends of increasing annual temperatures and thawing permafrost have corresponded with the northward range expansion of tick-species in the Republic. Indigenous communities living in these remote areas may be severely affected by human and livestock diseases introduced by disease vectors like ticks. To better understand the risk of vector-borne diseases in Sakha, we aimed to describe the increase and spatial spread of tick-bite cases in the Republic. Between 2000 and 2018, the frequency of tick bite cases increased 40-fold. At the start of the period, only isolated cases were reported in southern districts, but by 2018, tick bites had been reported in 21 districts in the Republic. This trend coincides with a noticeable increase in the average annual temperature in the region since the 2000s by an average of 1 degrees C. Maps illustrate the northward spread of tick-bite cases. A negative binomial regression model was used to correlate the increase in cases with a number of climate parameters. Tick bite case frequency per district was significantly explained by average annual temperature, average temperature in the coldest month of the year, the observation year, as well as Selyaninov's hydrothermal coefficient. These findings contribute to the growing literature that describe the relationship between tick abundance and spread in Northern Latitudes and changes in temperatures and moisture. Future studies might use these and similar results to map and identify areas at risk of infestation by ticks, as climates continue to change in Sakha.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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