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Equivalent SARS-CoV-2 viral loads by PCR between nasopharyngeal swab and saliva in symptomatic patients

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Title: Equivalent SARS-CoV-2 viral loads by PCR between nasopharyngeal swab and saliva in symptomatic patients
Authors: Yokota, Isao Browse this author
Hattori, Takeshi Browse this author
Shane, Peter Y. Browse this author
Konno, Satoshi Browse this author
Nagasaka, Atsushi Browse this author
Takeyabu, Kimihiro Browse this author
Fujisawa, Shinichi Browse this author
Nishida, Mutsumi Browse this author
Teshima, Takanori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 24-Feb-2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Journal Title: Scientific reports
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Start Page: 4500
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-84059-2
Abstract: Emerging evidences have shown the utility of saliva for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 by PCR as alternative to nasopharyngeal swab (NPS). However, conflicting results have been reported regarding viral loads between NPS and saliva. We conducted a study to compare the viral loads between NPS and saliva in 42 COVID-19 patients. Viral loads were estimated by the cycle threshold (Ct) values. SARS-CoV-2 was detected in 34 (81%) using NPS with median Ct value of 27.4, and 38 (90%) using saliva with median Ct value of 28.9 (P=0.79). Kendall's W was 0.82, showing a high degree of agreement, indicating equivalent viral loads in NPS and saliva. After symptom onset, the Ct values of both NPS and saliva continued to increase over time, with no substantial difference. Self-collected saliva has a detection sensitivity comparable to that of NPS and is a useful diagnostic tool with mitigating uncomfortable process and the risk of aerosol transmission to healthcare workers.
Rights: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Type: article
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2115/81164
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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