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Anthropogenic interferences lead to gut microbiome dysbiosis in Asian elephants and may alter adaptation processes to surrounding environments

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Title: Anthropogenic interferences lead to gut microbiome dysbiosis in Asian elephants and may alter adaptation processes to surrounding environments
Authors: Moustafa, Mohamed Abdallah Mohamed Browse this author
Chel, Hla Myet Browse this author
Thu, May June Browse this author
Bawm, Saw Browse this author
Htun, Lat Lat Browse this author
Win, Mar Mar Browse this author
Oo, Zaw Min Browse this author
Ohsawa, Natsuo Browse this author
Lahdenpera, Mirkka Browse this author
Mohamed, Wessam Mohamed Ahmed Browse this author
Ito, Kimihito Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nonaka, Nariaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakao, Ryo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Katakura, Ken Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 12-Jan-2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Journal Title: Scientific reports
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Start Page: 741
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-80537-1
Abstract: Human activities interfere with wild animals and lead to the loss of many animal populations. Therefore, efforts have been made to understand how wildlife can rebound from anthropogenic disturbances. An essential mechanism to adapt to environmental and social changes is the fluctuations in the host gut microbiome. Here we give a comprehensive description of anthropogenically induced microbiome alterations in Asian elephants (n=30). We detected gut microbial changes due to overseas translocation, captivity and deworming. We found that microbes belonging to Planococcaceae had the highest contribution in the microbiome alterations after translocation, while Clostridiaceae, Spirochaetaceae and Bacteroidia were the most affected after captivity. However, deworming significantly changed the abundance of Flavobacteriaceae, Sphingobacteriaceae, Xanthomonadaceae, Weeksellaceae and Burkholderiaceae. These findings may provide fundamental ideas to help guide the preservation tactics and probiotic replacement therapies of a dysbiosed gut microbiome in Asian elephants. More generally, these results show the severity of anthropogenic activities at the level of gut microbiome, altering the adaptation processes to new environments and the subsequent capability to maintain normal physiological processes in animals.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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