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Factors That Affect Symptoms of Injection Site Infection among Japanese Patients Who Self-Inject Insulin for Diabetes

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Title: Factors That Affect Symptoms of Injection Site Infection among Japanese Patients Who Self-Inject Insulin for Diabetes
Authors: Yoshida, Yuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sumikawa, Masuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sugimori, Hiroyuki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yano, Rika Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: disinfection
diabetes mellitus
subcutaneous injections
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Healthcare
Volume: 9
Issue: 4
Start Page: 402
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/healthcare9040402
Abstract: In Japan, skin disinfection is typically considered necessary before an insulin injection to prevent infection at the injection site. This cross-sectional study evaluated factors that influenced symptoms of injection site infection among 238 Japanese patients who self-injected insulin for diabetes between October 2015 and January 2016. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding skin disinfection practices, infection symptoms at the injection site, frequency of injections, environment at the time of injection, and hygiene habits. The majority of patients (83.2%) performed skin disinfection before the self-injection. Logistic regression analysis revealed that infection at the injection site was positively associated with skin disinfection before injection, age, and performing injections outside home. It was speculated that omitting skin disinfection before administering subcutaneous insulin injection was not the factor that affected the symptoms of injection site infection. The greatest contributor to infection symptoms was injections performed outside the home. Future studies focusing on the environment, in which patients administer insulin injections, to assess its influence on symptoms of injection site infections are warranted.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:保健科学院・保健科学研究院 (Graduate School of Health Sciences / Faculty of Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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