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Association between oral, social, and physical frailty in community -dwelling older adults

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Title: Association between oral, social, and physical frailty in community -dwelling older adults
Authors: Hironaka, Sanae Browse this author
Kugimiya, Yoshihiro Browse this author
Watanabe, Yutaka Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Motokawa, Keiko Browse this author
Hirano, Hirohiko Browse this author
Kawai, Hisashi Browse this author
Kera, Takeshi Browse this author
Kojima, Motonaga Browse this author
Fujiwara, Yoshinori Browse this author
Ihara, Kazushige Browse this author
Kim, Hunkyung Browse this author
Obuchi, Shuichi Browse this author
Kakinoki, Yasuaki Browse this author
Keywords: Oral frailty
Social frailty
Physical frailty
Path analysis
Oral function
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Journal Title: Archives of gerontology and geriatrics
Volume: 89
Start Page: 104105
Publisher DOI: 10.1016/j.archger.2020.104105
PMID: 32480111
Abstract: Objectives: Oral frailty (OF) has been shown to be a predictor of disability. Therefore, it is important to be able to identify factors associated with OF in order to prevent long-term dependence. The purpose of this study was to clarify the relationships between OF, social frailty (SF), and physical frailty (PF) in community-dwelling older adults, with the overarching aim of informing the future development of effective measures to prevent frailty. Methods: Oral, physical, and social function, nutritional and psychological status, and medical history were examined in 682 community-dwelling individuals (267 men, 415 women) aged ≥ 65 years. Ordinal logistic regression analysis with SF and PF as independent variables was performed with pass analysis to determine the relationship between the different types of frailty. Results: Logistic regression analysis revealed significant associations between OF and decline in social function, physical function, and nutritional status, and an increase in the number of medications used. Path analysis showed that SF was directly related to OF and that OF and SF were directly related to PF. Conclusions: These findings suggest that a decline in social function may directly influence a decline in oral and physical function. The results of this study provide initial evidence, that may guide the future development of measures that aim to prevent and manage OF.
Rights: ©2020. This manuscript version is made available under the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 license
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:歯学院・歯学研究院 (Graduate School of Dental Medicine / Faculty of Dental Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 渡邊 裕

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