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East Asian subnational government involvement in the Arctic: a case for paradiplomacy?

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Title: East Asian subnational government involvement in the Arctic: a case for paradiplomacy?
Authors: Kossa, Martin Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Lomaeva, Marina Browse this author
Saunavaara, Juha Browse this author
Keywords: Paradiplomacy
subnational government
East Asia
Issue Date: 20-Feb-2020
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Journal Title: Pacific review
Volume: 34
Issue: 4
Start Page: 664
End Page: 695
Publisher DOI: 10.1080/09512748.2020.1729843
Abstract: The globalised Arctic has in recent years witnessed an influx of extra-regional actors, many of whom come from East Asia. Although there is an abundance of analysis of the roles of East Asian nation-states-including Japan and China-in Arctic governance and resource development, research on East Asian subnational governments' (SNGs) increased Arctic engagement has not drawn much attention. Leaning on the concept of paradiplomacy and being particularly inspired by Alexander S. Kuznetsov's explanatory framework for the study of SNGs' involvement in international relations, this study examines the motives behind East Asian subnational governments' involvement in Arctic affairs and the attitudes of national governments towards this involvement. Based on the study of Hokkaido Prefecture in Japan and the provinces of Heilongjiang, Jilin and Liaoning in China, this article argues that the East Asian SNGs' Arctic initiatives are mainly based on economic objectives, especially those connected with new transportation routes in the Arctic Ocean. Scientific cooperation also plays an important role in the evolving subnational Arctic engagement. At the national level, East Asian SNGs are actively interacting with their respective central governments, which have, in general, been supportive of their Arctic endeavours.
Rights: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in The Pacific Review on 20 Feb 2020, available online:
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:国際連携研究教育局 : GI-CoRE (Global Institution for Collaborative Research and Education : GI-CoRE) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)
北極域研究センター (Arctic Research Center) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: Saunavaara Juha

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