This study aimed to determine the appropriate treatment methods and evaluate associated factors by comparing nonoperative treatment alone with a combination of both nonoperative and surgical treatment in 34 patients with mandibular osteoradionecrosis (mORN). The associated cure factors were analyzed by Cox regression. Propensity scores were calculated from factors that were not significant in the univariate analysis and used as covariates in the multivariate analysis. The cure rate among patients who received nonoperative and surgical treatment was higher than that observed with nonoperative treatment alone. Only the treatment method was associated with cure in both univariate and multivariate analyses.