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Risk factors for motor coordination problems in preschool-age children

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Title: Risk factors for motor coordination problems in preschool-age children
Authors: Suyama, Satoshi Browse this author
Yagyu, Kazuyori Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Araki, Atsuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Miyashita, Chihiro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Itoh, Sachiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Minatoya, Machiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yamazaki, Keiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tamura, Naomi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakai, Akio Browse this author
Saito, Takuya Browse this author
Kishi, Reiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: cohort study
maternal smoking
motor coordination problem
Issue Date: Oct-2020
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Journal Title: Pediatrics international
Volume: 62
Issue: 10
Start Page: 1177
End Page: 1183
Publisher DOI: 10.1111/ped.14275
Abstract: Background Motor coordination problems (MCP) in children can sometimes be diagnosed as developmental coordination disorder. Early intervention for developmental coordination disorder is necessary because it often continues into adolescence, causing mental and physical complications. Few studies have investigated the prevalence of childhood MCP in the Japanese population, examining the risk factors for MCP. We therefore investigated the prenatal factors associated with MCP in preschool-age children. Methods This study was based on a prospective cohort study, the Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health. Mothers of 4,851 children who reached the age of 5 years within the study-period received questionnaires, including the Japanese version of the Developmental Coordination Disorder Questionnaire (DCDQ-J). We examined the risk factors associated with MCP using logistic regression analysis. Results Of 3,402 returned DCDQ-J questionnaires, 3,369 were answered completely. From the 3,369 children, we categorized having MCP by using two cut-off scores: that of the DCDQ'07 and the cut-off at the 5th percentile of a total DCDQ-J score. Comparing children with and without MCP, we found significant differences in the education level of the mothers, annual household income during pregnancy, maternal alcohol consumption and smoking during pregnancy, and sex and age of the children at the time of completing the DCDQ-J by both categorizations. Adjusted logistic regression analysis revealed that maternal smoking during the first trimester of pregnancy and male sex were significantly associated with MCP. Conclusions Our results suggest that maternal smoking during pregnancy is the main factor associated with MCP in preschool-age children.
Rights: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Suyama, S., Yagyu, K., Araki, A., Miyashita, C., Itoh, S., Minatoya, M., Yamazaki, K., Tamura, N., Nakai, A., Saito, T. and Kishi, R. (2020), Risk factors for motor coordination problems in preschool‐age children. Pediatrics International, 62: 1177-1183, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:環境健康科学研究教育センター (Center for Environmental and Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 岸 玲子

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