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Molecular Survey of Babesia and Anaplasma Infection in Cattle in Bolivia

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Title: Molecular Survey of Babesia and Anaplasma Infection in Cattle in Bolivia
Authors: Ogata, Shohei Browse this author
Pereira, Juan Antonio Cristian Browse this author
Jhonny, Loza Vega Ariel Browse this author
Carolina, Herbas Perez Gladys Browse this author
Matsuno, Keita Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Orba, Yasuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sawa, Hirofumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kawamori, Fumihiko Browse this author
Nonaka, Nariaki Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakao, Ryo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Anaplasma
tick-borne diseases
Issue Date: Sep-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Veterinary Sciences
Volume: 8
Issue: 9
Start Page: 188
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/vetsci8090188
Abstract: Latin American countries produce more than a quarter of the world's beef and are a major global supplier of livestock protein. Tick-borne diseases (TBDs) are a major constraint to the livestock industry worldwide, including in Latin America. The aim of this study was to detect and characterise tick-borne pathogens in cattle from Santa Cruz, Bolivia, where no detailed epidemiological data are available. Blood samples were collected from 104 cattle. Apicomplexan parasites were detected by nested PCR amplification of the 18S ribosomal RNA gene (rDNA), and Anaplasmataceae was screened by the PCR amplification of 16S rDNA, followed by characterisation based on the heat shock protein and citrate synthase gene sequences. Babesia infection was observed in nine cattle (one Babesia bovis and eight Babesia bigemina), while Anaplasmataceae infection was detected in thirty-two cattle. A sequencing analysis confirmed the presence of Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma platys-like. These results provide the first molecular evidence for the four above-mentioned tick-borne pathogens in cattle in Bolivia. This information improves our understanding of the epidemiology of TBDs and will help in formulating appropriate and improved pathogen control strategies.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:獣医学院・獣医学研究院 (Graduate School of Veterinary Medicine / Faculty of Veterinary Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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