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Engagement of Nepalese High-School Students in Cancer Awareness Using a Photovoice Based on the Health Belief Model

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Title: Engagement of Nepalese High-School Students in Cancer Awareness Using a Photovoice Based on the Health Belief Model
Authors: Poudel, Kritika Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Sumi, Naomi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: cancer perception
high school students
photovoice method
Issue Date: Oct-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: Healthcare
Volume: 9
Issue: 10
Start Page: 1283
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/healthcare9101283
PMID: 34682963
Abstract: Delivering cancer education is one of the strategies for implementing health promotion and disease prevention programs. Moreover, cancer education can help people understand the risks related to specific behaviors that can trigger cancer during later life stages. This study examines the cancer perception of high school students (median age: 14 years) using a photovoice based on the health belief model. Students were requested to take photographs to answer the framework question: "How is cancer present in your surrounding? " A theoretical thematic analysis was conducted to develop codes, and the narratives completed by the participants on the SHOWED checklist were used to create contextualization. With the use of the health belief model, the following factors were determined: risk factors and environmental pollution (perceived susceptibility), symptoms (perceived severity), prevention and screening (benefits), ignorance and poverty, and ineffective laws and regulations (perceived barriers). Linked to these themes, students' narration demonstrated the risk of developing cancer if the same environment and inadequate regulations persisted. This study highlights the need to incorporate the participation of adolescents in the design, implementation, and monitoring of several community issues to help address several unanswered questions.</p>
Type: article
Appears in Collections:保健科学院・保健科学研究院 (Graduate School of Health Sciences / Faculty of Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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