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Comparing the gut microbiome along the gastrointestinal tract of three sympatric species of wild rodents

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Title: Comparing the gut microbiome along the gastrointestinal tract of three sympatric species of wild rodents
Authors: Anders, Jason L. Browse this author
Moustafa, Mohamed Abdallah Mohamed Browse this author
Mohamed, Wessam Mohamed Ahmed Browse this author
Hayakawa, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Nakao, Ryo Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Koizumi, Itsuro Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Issue Date: 7-Oct-2021
Publisher: Nature Portfolio
Journal Title: Scientific Reports
Volume: 11
Issue: 1
Start Page: 19929
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41598-021-99379-6
Abstract: Host-microbe interactions within the gastrointestinal tract (GIT) play a pivotal role in shaping host physiology, ecology, and life history. However, these interactions vary across gut regions due to changes in the physical environment or host immune system activity, thereby altering the microbial community. Each animal species may harbor their own unique microbial community due to host species-specific ecological traits such as dietary habits, micro-habitat preferences, and mating behavior as well as physiological traits. While the gut microbiota in wild animals has received much attention over the last decade, most studies comparing closely related species only utilized fecal or colon samples. In this study, we first compared the gut microbial community from the small intestine, cecum, colon, and rectum within three sympatric species of wild rodents (i.e. Apodemus speciosus, A. argenteus, and Myodes rufocanus). We then compared each gut region among host species to determine the effect of both gut region and host species on the gut microbiota. We found that the small intestine harbored a unique microbiome as compared to the lower GIT in all three host species, with the genus Lactobacillus in particular having higher abundance in the small intestine of all three host species. There were clear interspecific differences in the microbiome within all gut regions, although some similarity in alpha diversity and community structure within the small intestine was found. Finally, fecal samples may be appropriate for studying the lower GIT in these species, but not the small intestine.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境科学院・地球環境科学研究院 (Graduate School of Environmental Science / Faculty of Environmental Earth Science) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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