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Hypertensive Disorders during Pregnancy and Anthropometric Measurement of Children up to 7 Years of Age : The Hokkaido Birth Cohort Study in Japan

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Title: Hypertensive Disorders during Pregnancy and Anthropometric Measurement of Children up to 7 Years of Age : The Hokkaido Birth Cohort Study in Japan
Authors: Poudel, Kritika Browse this author
Kobayashi, Sumitaka Browse this author
Miyashita, Chihiro Browse this author
Yamaguchi, Takeshi Browse this author
Tamura, Naomi Browse this author
Ikeda-Araki, Atsuko Browse this author
Bamai, Yu Ait Browse this author
Itoh, Sachiko Browse this author
Yamazaki, Keiko Browse this author
Masuda, Hideyuki Browse this author
Itoh, Mariko Browse this author
Kishi, Reiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: hypertensive disorders during pregnancy
anthropometric measurement
Hokkaido study
Issue Date: 18-Oct-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Journal Title: International journal of environmental research and public health
Volume: 18
Issue: 20
Start Page: 10951
Publisher DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182010951
Abstract: Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy (HDP) increase the risk of offspring with a low birth weight, preterm birth and small-for-gestational age; however, evidence of the anthropometric measurements during early childhood remains limited. We aimed to understand the associations between maternal HDP and anthropometric measurements of children aged up to seven years in a Japanese cohort. In total, 20,926 mother-infant pairs participated in the Hokkaido Study on Environment and Children's Health, Japan, from 2002 to 2013. Medical reports were used to confirm HDP exposure, while weight, height, height z score, and weight z score were the outcomes. The prevalence of HDP in the study population was 1.7%. The birth height of male children born to HDP mothers was smaller as compared to those born to non-HDP mothers. When adjusted with covariates, the linear regressions showed significant changes in birth weight (beta: -79.3; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -154.8, -3.8), birth height (-0.67; 95% CI: -1.07, -0.26), weight at seven years (1.21; 95% CI: 0.13, 2.29), and weight gain between four and seven years (1.12; 95% CI: 0.28, 1.96) of male children exposed to HDP. Differences were more significant in male children than female. Our study showed that despite low birth weight, male children exposed to HDP caught up with their growth and gained more weight by seven years of age compared with male children not exposed to HDP, whereas no such differences were observed in female children; however, this finding requires replication.</p>
Type: article
Appears in Collections:環境健康科学研究教育センター (Center for Environmental and Health Sciences) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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