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SARS-CoV-2 inhibits induction of the MHC class I pathway by targeting the STAT1-IRF1-NLRC5 axis

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Title: SARS-CoV-2 inhibits induction of the MHC class I pathway by targeting the STAT1-IRF1-NLRC5 axis
Authors: Yoo, Ji-Seung Browse this author
Sasaki, Michihito Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Cho, Steven X. Browse this author
Kasuga, Yusuke Browse this author
Zhu, Baohui Browse this author
Ouda, Ryota Browse this author
Orba, Yasuko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
de Figueiredo, Paul Browse this author
Sawa, Hirofumi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Kobayashi, Koichi S. Browse this author
Issue Date: 15-Nov-2021
Publisher: Nature Portfolio
Journal Title: Nature communications
Volume: 12
Issue: 1
Start Page: 6602
Publisher DOI: 10.1038/s41467-021-26910-8
Abstract: The presentation of viral antigens to T cells via the MHC molecules is a critical component of the host response to viral infection. Here the authors suggest SARS-CoV-2 possesses the immune evasion strategy against the MHC class I pathway by targeting key transcriptional regulators. The MHC class I-mediated antigen presentation pathway plays a critical role in antiviral immunity. Here we show that the MHC class I pathway is targeted by SARS-CoV-2. Analysis of the gene expression profile from COVID-19 patients as well as SARS-CoV-2 infected epithelial cell lines reveals that the induction of the MHC class I pathway is inhibited by SARS-CoV-2 infection. We show that NLRC5, an MHC class I transactivator, is suppressed both transcriptionally and functionally by the SARS-CoV-2 ORF6 protein, providing a mechanistic link. SARS-CoV-2 ORF6 hampers type II interferon-mediated STAT1 signaling, resulting in diminished upregulation of NLRC5 and IRF1 gene expression. Moreover, SARS-CoV-2 ORF6 inhibits NLRC5 function via blocking karyopherin complex-dependent nuclear import of NLRC5. Collectively, our study uncovers an immune evasion mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 that targets the function of key MHC class I transcriptional regulators, STAT1-IRF1-NLRC5.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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