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Reflection on success and failures : scale development and validation

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Title: Reflection on success and failures : scale development and validation
Authors: Matsuo, Makoto Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Reflection
Issue Date: 14-Nov-2020
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
Journal Title: Journal of workplace learning
Volume: 32
Issue: 8
Start Page: 615
End Page: 626
Publisher DOI: 10.1108/JWL-07-2020-0117
Abstract: Purpose - Although positive psychology emphasizes the importance of reflecting on success in promoting strengths use and self-efficacy, no research has developed a measure of reflection on success. The purpose of this study is to develop and validate the scales for reflection on success and failures. Design/methodology/approach - Study 1 was conducted to extract the dimensions of reflection on success and failures using survey data from nurses (n = 298), whereas Study 2 involved validation of the scales using a two-wave survey of physical therapists (n = 291). Findings - In Study 1, the factors of "reflection on success" and "reflection on failures" were extracted by exploratory factor analysis. In Study 2, the discriminant validity of the two scales was established via confirmatory factor analyses. The structural equation modeling results indicated that reflection on success promoted work authenticity, work engagement and strengths use, while reflection on failures only promoted work engagement, indicating the convergent validity of the scales. Research limitations/implications - As the research subjects were medical professionals in Japan, the scales need to be validated with samples from a wide range of occupations and cultural backgrounds, in future research. Originality/value - The present research expands the literature on reflection and strengths-based approach by introducing the "success-failures" dimension based on positive psychology, broaden-and-build theory and job demands-resources theory.
Type: article (author version)
Appears in Collections:経済学院・経済学研究院 (Graduate School of Economics and Business / Faculty of Economics and Business) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

Submitter: 松尾 睦

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