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Association of accelerometer-measured physical activity with kidney function in a Japanese population : the DOSANCO Health Study

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Title: Association of accelerometer-measured physical activity with kidney function in a Japanese population : the DOSANCO Health Study
Authors: Sasaki, Sachiko Browse this author
Nakamura, Koshi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Ukawa, Shigekazu Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Okada, Emiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Amagasa, Shiho Browse this author
Inoue, Shigeru Browse this author
Kimura, Takashi Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Yoshimura, Aya Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Tanaka, Aya Browse this author
Nakagawa, Takafumi Browse this author
Imae, Akihiro Browse this author
Tamakoshi, Akiko Browse this author →KAKEN DB
Keywords: Estimated glomerular filtration rate
Physical activity
Sedentary behavior
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: BioMed Central
Journal Title: BMC nephrology
Volume: 23
Issue: 1
Start Page: 7
Publisher DOI: 10.1186/s12882-021-02635-0
Abstract: Background Sedentary behavior and decreased physical activity are associated with reduced kidney function, yet most evidence is based on self-reported physical activity. This study investigated the association between accelerometer-based physical activity level and kidney function in a general Japanese population. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in 440 community-dwelling Japanese participants, aged 35-79 years. Time (min/d) was assessed for the following types of physical activity: sedentary behavior, light physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Kidney function was assessed using estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). A linear regression model was employed to calculate the beta coefficient of eGFR for a 60-min/d increase in sedentary behavior and LPA and a 10-min/d increase in MVPA. A logistic regression model was used to calculate the odds ratio for low eGFR (< 60 versus >= 60 mL/min/1.73m(2)) for a 60-min/d or 10-min/d increase in each physical activity type. Results MVPA time and eGFR were positively associated in both men and women, after adjusting for age, body mass index, and other clinical characteristics (Men: beta, 0.91; P = 0.021; Women: beta, 0.70; P = 0.034). In women, sedentary behavior and eGFR were inversely associated after adjusting for the same factors (beta, - 1.06; P = 0.048). The odds ratio (95% confidence interval) for low eGFR associated with a 60-min increase in sedentary behavior was 1.65 (1.07-2.55) after adjusting for the same factors in women. Conclusion Longer sedentary behavior and shorter MVPA time were associated with lower kidney function in the Japanese population.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:医学院・医学研究院 (Graduate School of Medicine / Faculty of Medicine) > 雑誌発表論文等 (Peer-reviewed Journal Articles, etc)

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